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Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان‎
Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān

Timeline: Alternity

OTL equivalent: Sudan
Flag of Sudan Coat of arms of Sudan
Flag Coat of Arms
Sudan, 1997 (Alternity)
Location of Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Largest city Khartoum
Other cities Nyala, Port Sudan
Language Arabic, English
Demonym Sudanese
Government Federal presidential republic
  legislature National Legislature
President Omar al-Bashir
Population 29,980,000 
Independence from Great Britain
  declared January 1956
  recognized Janaury 1956
Currency Sudanese pound
Time Zone East Africa Time (EAT)
Internet TLD .sd
Organizations United Nations
African Union

Sudan, sometimes referred to as North Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic:جمهورية السودان/Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān) is a nation in eastern North Africa, but is politically and culturally considered a Middle-Eastern nation. It borders Egypt to the north, the Arab Islamic Republic to the west-northwest, Equatorial Africa to the west, Zaire to the south-southeast, South Sudan to the south, and Ethiopia to the east. Sudan has been an unstable country since 1955, a year even before its independence from Britain, suffering multiple internal conflicts and a devastating civil war that lasted until 1972, when the southern region (South Sudan) achieved independence with aid from neighboring Ethiopia's powerful military. The eastern Darfur Region began a series of uprisings against the government in late-1979 that lasted until mid-1994, when Sudanese Army troops seemingly crushed major resistance in the region, but minor skirmishes between Darfurian rebels and Sudanese troops continue to this day.



Independence (1956)

Unrest and Civil War (1955-1972)

Main Article: Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972)

South Sudan becomes independent (1972)

First Saharan War (1978-1984)

Darfur Conflict (1979-1994)

Coup and Rise of al-Bashir (1989)

Modern Times (1989-Present)


International relations




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