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Sudan, sometimes referred to as North Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic:جمهورية السودان/Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān) is a nation in eastern North Africa, but is politically and culturally considered a Middle-Eastern nation. It borders Egypt to the north, the Arab Islamic Republic to the west-northwest, Equatorial Africa to the west, Zaire to the south-southeast, South Sudan to the south, and Ethiopia to the east. Sudan has been an unstable country since 1955, a year even before its independence from Britain, suffering multiple internal conflicts and a devastating civil war that lasted until 1972, when the southern region (South Sudan) achieved independence with aid from neighboring Ethiopia's powerful military. The eastern Darfur Region began a series of uprisings against the government in late-1979 that lasted until mid-1994, when Sudanese Army troops seemingly crushed major resistance in the region, but minor skirmishes between Darfurian rebels and Sudanese troops continue to this day.
Unrest and Civil War (1955-1972)
Main Article: Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972)