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The Subalpine Republic (Repubblica Subalpina) is a state in the northern Italian peninsula, bordering Monaco in the west and Genoa in the south. It is comprised of the former province of Cuneo and of a part of the province of Imperia.
Pre-DoomsdayBefore Doomsday the province of Cuneo was one of the largest provinces in Italy and was also an industrial and tourist province, known for the Langhe and Nutella. It was created in 1859 by the Kingdom of Sardinia and in 1946 the province was made part of the region of Piedmont.
When Doomsday occurred, the President of the province was unaware as to what was happening. While the province of Cuneo wasn't hit by the nuclear bombs, it suffered from the nuclear fallout and refugees from surrounding areas. After no response after attempting contact Turin and Rome for, the province have realized what had happened. Soon, at least 200,000 refugees started to arrive, and in the province a total of 10,000 die of radiation poisoning. However, during the winter of 1983-1984 another 10,000 died of famine and cold weather.
However, the Council of the region took over control of the region's agriculture to prevent further famine and also started to organise a Armed Forces with the help of the 2nd Alpini Regiment, 3rd Alpini Regiment, 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment, Alpini Battalion Saluzzo and with the help of the Carabinieri of the ex-province.
In 1986, after a referendum to decide the name of the new nation, flag and emblem, the name "Provisional Subalpine Republic", the flag and the coat of arms of Piedmont was chosen. After the referendum they declared their independence and sovereignty on the province, they also started to claim that they were the only government who can be reunite north Italy. The Provisional Parliament appointed Giuseppe Menardi the first president of the republic, the Provisional Parliament have also created a modified, shorter version of the Italian Constitution and the President of the Republic appointed Guido Bonino as first President of the Council.In the summer of the 1987 a military squad of Alpini have encountered an Austro-Swiss recon squad. They were surprised to see Austrian and Swiss symbols on the military uniforms. After establishing that they were no foes to one another, the squad was brought to Cuneo. There, they informed the group of the events happening in the Alps and what their mission. The government allowed the Austro-Swiss troops to pass in their reconnaissance mission, but they asked to be left alone.
In 1996 it was elected Enrico Costa as president of the republic. He appointed General Ezio Lorieux as head of the government.
New MillenniumIn the 2000 the republic has been prosper and grown with a more stable economy and the rebulding of a welfare state, the Subalpine Armed Forces was training and equiping with Italian and Swiss military equipment by the Alpine Militia. After a the offer of the Alpine commander in Aosta. The republic have also started the exploration of that was remain of Italy, they have visited Genoa, Monaco, Seborga and the Piedmountese territory under Swiss "occupation". The president of the council have send a letter at President of the Alpine Confederation for asking the joining of the former south Piedmont at the republic, the President have refuse the question for now, but in a future maybe in the 2016 it can be happened with a referendum.
When the Second Sicily War started the Subalpine Republic was prepare for this war, this thanks at the training of the Subalpine Armed Forces by the Alpine Militia. They have send the 1st Infantry Battalion "Santorre" for fight the Sicilians in Tuscany and for help the Tuscan Army in the liberation of the Tuscany. The parliament have also accept with honor the invite at joining at the Italian Peninsula Alliance, formed by Genoa, Venice, San Marino, Tuscany, Seborga and Alpine Confederation.
After the finish of the war they have send a pacekeeper force in the liberated territory of the ex-former Umbria.
In the 2006 it was elected Raffalele Crosta as president of the republic, it have appointed Mercedes Bresso as president of the council.
The Subalpine Republic have interesting in joined at the Atlantic Defense Community, this it will be decide with a referendum fixed for the 17 April, 2016.
According to Article 1 of the Subalpine constitution (The constitution of the republic), adopted the April 23, 1986, "The Subalpine Republic is a democratic nation, founded on work. The Sovereignty belongs to the people, who exercise it in the forms and limits of the Constitution". The form of state is a unitary parliamentary republic.
The Subalpine Parliament is divided into the Chamber of Deputies and Subalpine Senate and is elected every five years by the citizens. It holds the power to appoint the President of the Republic and the granting or withdrawal of confidence in the Government.
The President of the Republic is elected every ten years by the Parliament in joint session, by secret vote and by a qualified majority (2/3 of the Assembly) or an absolute majority from the fourth vote on (that is, with the favorable vote of half plus one of those eligible). He has the power to dissolve parliament and appoint the government but it can not be discouraged by the parliament, even if as a result of gross violations of the Constitution can be impeached for high treason by the rooms. His removal from office, however, must be decided by the Constitutional Court. The current president of the republic is Raffaele Crosta.
The Government consists of the President of the Council of Ministers and the various ministers; Once she appointed by the President of the Republic must report it to the rooms to gain confidence. A motion of no confidence can be submitted at any time by one tenth of the members of a room, and if the government has discouraged the President of the Republic may appoint another or call the presidents of the House and Senate to form a new government, if not unable to find any cohesion between the political majority, signed the decree of early termination of the two chambers by returning the country to elections, to form a new government. The current president of the council is Mercedes Bresso.
Political parties of the Subalpine parliament
- Christian Democracy (Democrazia Cristiana) : 50/100
- Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano) : 30/100
- For Italy (Per l'Italia) : 10/100
- Italian Social Moviment (Movimento Sociale Italiano) : 10/100
- Italian Socialist Party
- Christian Democracy
- For Italy
- Italian Social Moviment
The currency of the republic is the Italian Lira (£). In terms of foreign exchange 1000 Lire is worth one ANZC dollars.
Key industries of the republic include banking service, alimentary, fishing, naval industry, education, healthcare, communications, transport, electronics, tourism and handicraft. The main agricultural products are wine, cheese and truffles.
The education, healthcare, television communications, transport, energy industry and culture are under control of the republic.
One of the most famous products of the Subalpine Republic is the Nutella of the Ferrero S.P.A., the nutella is a gianduja cream with hazelnuts. It was invented in 1963 by Michele Ferrero, with the doomsday is one of the most selling and knowing italian products, is selling in most of the counties of the world.
They are self-sufficient for the energy thanks at the six hydropower centrals located in the ex-Province.
The system of the school is formed in :
- Nursery (Asilo) : 1-2 year
- Elementary School (Scuola Elementare) : 1-5 years
- Hight School (Scuola Media) : 1-3 years
- Superior School (Scuola Superiore) : 1-5 years
- University (Università) : 1-6 years
For have a job is only necessary the diploma of hight school. The city of Cuneo have also a branch of the University of Turin, in the 1990 the university was renamed in Rita Levi-Montalcini University. It have also a University of the Arts and a Musical University. The School is obbligatory until the 17 years and free.
The main television service of the state is RAS (It. Radio Televisione Subalpina), which is under the control of the state. The RAS has three channels for now. The studios of RAS are located in Cuneo.
- RAS 1 (Generalist)
- RAS 2 (Generalist : Targeted at a young audience)
- RAS 3 (Generalist : Tuned to sports, documentaries and deepening)
The republic also has a radio service, RAS (It. Radio Televisione Subalpina), which is under control of the state.
The main newspaper of the republic is La Stampa which is under private control, and it has a basis daily.
The lifestyle in the republic is that of a normal Italian or Piedmountese workers, like the lifestyle of this part of Italy in the pre-war.
The most speacking language and the official language of the republic is the Italian, who is speacking by all the population of the republic, is also many speacking the Piedmontese in the ex-province of Cuneo and the Ligure in the ex-mountain community of Ingauna. The French and the English are a speacking language expecially in the youngs.
Percentage of language speacking :
- Italian : 100 %
- Piedmontese : 90 %
- Ligure : 30 %
- English : 40 %
- French : 45 %
The religions is a important things, the most praticated religion are the Christianity Catholicism and many catholic go in the church at Sunday or at Saturnday, there is also a little community of Jews in the republic, a Waldesianism community and the Atheism has been grown since Doomsday. The republic is a secular nation, the religions are respected and protected.
Percentage of religions follow :
- Christianity Catholicism : 95%
- Atheism : 5 %
- Waldesianism : 0,10 %
- Judaism : 0,05 %
A normal worked will recived every month 1.000.000 Lire who are used for personal pleasures and for others. In terms of life a old can live until the 75 years for the man and until the 80 years for the woman, the older also recive a board of 500.000 Lire every month and the poverty line is inexistent. All the population can read and write with no problems.
The racism is present but in a little form against the Sicilian refugees who are called "Mafiosi" or "Terún" but most of the habitants of the republic are kindly and willing to help the Sicilians.
Holidays of the Republic
- 1st January : New Year
- 7th January : Epiphany
- 17th March : Unity of Italy
- Changes from year to year : Easter Holiday
- 25th April : Liberation Day
- 1st May : Labour Day
- 1st June : Day of the Republic
- 10th June to the 1st Septhember : Summer Holiday (School only)
- 26th Septhember : Remembrance Day
- 23rd December to the 8th January : Christmas Holiday (School only)
The most praticated sport are the football, expecially in the youngs, but also is praticated alpinism, ski, ciclism and trekking.
The most knowing and best skilled team of football of the republic is the Associazione Calcio Cuneo 1905
Laws and crimes
The republic have adopted many rights and articles of the Italian constitution and of the civil code of the 1942, the death sentence wasn't adopted. For respect the value of equality and freedom of the ex-Italian Republic. The highest sentence in the republic is the life sentence or the forced works. From the 1986 this is the situation :
- Murder is punished with 20-40 in prison or hard labour for 30 years (mostly consisting of road building and demolitions), depending on the age of the victim and brutality of the murder.
- Rape is punished with the entire life in prison or with hard labour for the life, it depends of the age and the brutality on who was made the rape.
- Paedophilia is punished with 50 years in prison or with hard labour for 50 years. If this crime was committed by a church member this woud have 45 years in prison and a week of hard labour.
- Armed Theft is punished with 5 years in prison with hard labour.
- Minor crimes is punished with a amends or with 5 days in jail in special cases.
The major cities of the republic have a jail and a tribunal.
The republic is divided into the following eight municipalities, known locally as Province (meaning "provinces").
Each province is administrated by a prefect, elected by the citizens of each province for seven years. The chief magistrate of a commune is a mayor, elected by the citizens of a city or in special case nominated by a prefect. He is assisted by a Municipal Consul, composed of five councilors named by the Mayor.
The Subalpine Armed Forces (It: Forze Armate Subalpine) are the armed forces of the Subalpine Republic, they are a voluntary armed forces since the referendum for the conscription of the 2000. Now they are in pacekeeper mission in the liberated Italian territory during the Second Sicily War.
The Subalpine Armed Forces are equipped with ex-Italian military and Alpine equipment, the HQ of the Subalpine Army, Subalpine Air Force and of the Carabinieri are located in Cuneo.
The Armed Forces have also a factory of weapons and ammunition, the Fabbrica d'Armi per la Difesa (F.A.D), before the war the factory was used for equipment and sporting weapons, now only a little sector of the factory are used for sporting weapons.
The branches are :
- Subalpine Army (Esercito Subalpino) with 20,000 military
- Subalpine Air Force (Aeronautca Militare Subalpina) with 10,000 military
- Arm of the Carabinieri (Arma dei Carabinieri) with 20,000 military
Equipment of the Subalpine Armed Forces :
- Beretta 92 as standard sidearm
- AR 70/90 as standard service rifle
- MG 42/59 as standard squad GPMG
- Beretta BM59 and M1 Garand as second service rifles
- Carcano M91, Beretta BM59 and M1 Garand as ceremonial rifles
- L96 as standard sniper rifle
- SPAS-12 as standard shotgun rifle
- Beretta PM12 and Franchi LF-57 as standard SMG
Vehicles of the Subalpine Armed Forces :
- M47 Patton as standard tank
- VCC-1 "Camillino" as standard APC
- Iveco VM-90 as standard multirole military vehicle
- Bandvagn 206 as standard tracked articulated
- FIAT Ducato as standard ambulance
Air Fleet of the Subalpine Air Force :
- FIAT G91 twenty in total
- Aleina G222 forty in total
- AB-47 thirty in total
- Agusta-Bell AB204B twenty in total
The Police of State (Polizia di Stato) is a public security authorities, as well as ensure public order and to ensure maintenance of public safety, provides relief to public and private entities in the event of accidents, and the peaceful resolution of disputes between private individuals. The Police of State have 5000 policeman.
The Arm of the Carabinieri (Arma dei Carabinieri) is a Armed Force. The Carabinieri's main responsibility is maintaining the public security in the cities and in the campaings, control the borders, aid the refugees and cooperate with the Financial Guard in the fight of the criminals. It also have Roles of the Military Police, in war the Carabinieri have the duty of set up the military tribunals and enforce the sentence. It have 10,000 Carabinieri.
The Alpine Confederation have a base of 100 soldiers in San Rocco Castagnaretta for help the Subalpine Army in case of invasion by the Sicilians and with the help of the Alpine Brigade Taurinense for training the Gebirgsinfanteriebrigade 12 at the mountain warfare.