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State of Manchuria
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum
Preceded by 1932-1950 Succeeded by
Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo Manchuria
Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo
(and largest city)
Other cities Dalian; Shenyang
Chinese; Japanese
  others Korean; Manchurian; Russian
Ethnic Group Han Chinese; Manchurian; Korean; Mongolian; Japanese; Russian; Lithuanian; Germans
Government Associated state of Japan
  legislature Legislative Council of Manchuria
The State of Manchuria (Chinese: 滿洲國 Mǎnzhōuguó) was an associated state of Japan. The region was the historical homeland of the Manchus, who founded the Qing Empire in China. In 1931, the region was transferred to Japan by Republic of China following the end of Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1932, the State of Manchuria was established. In 1950, the associated state status was ended and Manchuria was proclaimed as an independent state.

Manchus formed a minority in Manchuria, whose largest ethnic group were Han Chinese. There were also Koreans, Japanese, Mongols, White Russians and less numerous minorities.The southern part of the Liaodong Peninsula was ruled by Japan as the Territory of Kwantung.