Fandom

Alternate History

State Committee on the State of Emergency (Chairman Yanayev)

40,613pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

State Committee of the State of Emergency
Государственный комитет по черезвычайному положению

Press conference of the Committee of the GKChP USSR (August 19, 1991)Press conference of the "State Committee on the State of Emergency USSR", in the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (August 19, 1991).

Formation August 1991
Folded September 2001
Type Provisional Government

State Committee

Oligarchy (de facto)

Legal status Disbanded by decree of the General Secretary of the Communist Party
Purpose Prevention of the New Union Treaty, Reversal of the Policies, Perestroika and Glasnost, governance for planned six-month State of Emergency.
Headquarters Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Location Soviet Union
Region served

Soviet Union

Official language Russian
Chairman Gennaday Yanayev
Affiliations KGB

Soviet Army

Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs

The State Committee of the State of Emergency was a Committee that ruled the Soviet Union from 1991-2001. The Committee was commissioned by Gennaday Yanayev and Vladimir Kryuchkov, the head of the Ministry of State Security (KGB). In accordance to the 1995 Constitution, State Committees of the State of Emergency can be formed at the request of the Central Committee and Politboro, if the Policies of the Government either violate the Soviet Constitution or threaten the territorial integrity of the Soviet Union. 


History

August Coup

In August of 1991, The Committee seized power overthrowing the Soviet Government and placed several leaders under arrest for "Treason Against the Soviet Union". The Committee claimed that Mikhail Gorbachev was forced to resign due to Ill health and that per request, an emergency committee be appointed to oversee the transition of power.


Resistance to the Committee was strong. Boris Yeltsin, however, was nowhere to be found (believed to be under house arrest) and because of this, it crumbled within a month as the promise of Gennaday Yanayev appeared more and more popular.

Skyhook

In October of 1991, Spies for the Resistance infiltrated the Soviet Government and learned the location of several leaders, including Gorbachev and Yeltsin and smuggled them out of the country two months later.

Baltic Invasion

Hoping to re-establish order, the Committee set out to reclaim the Baltic Nations, who seceded just as the Coup was starting. The Committee did not recognize it and like all other Gorbachev reforms, called the actions treasonous, despite the 1977 Constitutional clause permitting the secession of any of the 15 republics.

On January 21, 1992, the Soviet Union, claiming it to be an act of self-defense in response to an attack in Leningrad (A False-Flag Operation), invaded the Baltic Nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The War would ultimately spill over into the Soviet Union becoming a civil war.

In October of 1993, the Russian White House, where the Committee met, was shelled by Resistance groups.

The Committee voted on November of 1993, to formally surrender and agreed to recognize the Independence of the Baltics, as well as to pay more than ten billion USD's in reparations.

1995 Constitution

Already having reversed the 1989 amendments, the Soviets revised the 1977 Constitution to include several clauses and the removal of the independence clause. The revised document detailed that a State Committee on the State of Emergency (or Emergency Committee), can be established if the Policies of the Government either Violate the Soviet Constitution, or violated the Territorial Integrity of the Soviet Union. The Six articles specified the role of the Committee and what powers it has, as well as the timetable it has to re-establish order. The Supreme Soviet also gained more power as did the Communist Party.

Disbandment

Since 1996, the Committee has been pressured to disband, both by the Hardliners who found their way into power, and members of the Committee itself. The Economic Crisis that followed the Baltic Wars however, kept the Committee in power for several more years. Yanayev, who was the Committee's chairmen and the Party's General Secretary, found it difficult to balance power.

In 2000, Yanayev resigned was replaced by Gennaday Zyuganov, a member of the Committee, and a reformist. Zyuganov finally issued the decree on September 8, 2001 and signed it the next day.

Membership

Original Eight

The eight members included the following:

  • Gennady Yanayev (1937–2010), Vice President
  • Valentin Pavlov (1937–2003), Premier
  • Boris Pugo (1937–1991), Interior Minister
  • Dmitry Yazov (b. 1924), Minister of Defence and Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • Vladimir Kryuchkov (1924–2007), Chairman of the KGB
  • Oleg Baklanov (b. 1932), First Deputy Chairman of the Defense Council of the USSR
  • Vasily Starodubtsev (1931–2011), Chairman of the Peasants' Union of the USSR
  • Alexander Tizyakov (b. 1926), President of the Association of State Enterprises

Table of Members

Politician Original Role Role While in the Committee Lifespan Timeline

Reason For Departure 

Gennady Yanayev Vice President

General Secretary of the Communist Party (1991-2000)


Chairman of the Committee (1991-2000)


Special Advisor (2000-2001)

1937-2010 1991-2001- Disbandment
Valentin Pavlov Premier Premier 1937-2003 1991-2001 Disbandment
Boris Pugo Interior Minister Interior Minister 1937-1991 1991 Death
Dimitry Yazov Minister of Defense and Marshall of the Soviet Union Minister of Defense and Marshall of the Soviet Army b. 1924 1991-1996 Resignation  from Committee, Maintained rank as Minister of Defense
Vladimir Kryuchkov Chairman of the KGB Chairman of the KGB 1924-2007 1991-1995  Resignation from the Soviet Government
Oleg Baklanov First Deputy Chairman of the Defense Council of the USSR First Deputy Chairman of the Defense Council of the USSR b. 1931 1991-1997 Resignation from Committee, Retained his Position as First Deputy Chairman of the Defense Council of the USSR
Vasily Starodubtsev Chairman of the Peasants' Union of the USSR

Chairman of the Peasants' Union of the USSR

(1991-2001)

Special Advisor (2001)

1931-2011 1991-2000 Disbandment
Alexander Tizyakov President of the Association of State Enterprises President of the Association of State Enterprises b. 1926 1991-2001 Disbandment
Anatoly Lukyanov Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR (1991-1993)

Member of the Politboro (1993-1995)

Special Advisor (1995-2000)

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR (2000-) 

b. 1930 1991-2000 Resignation From Committee, Maintained Rank as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR.
Alexander Lukashenko First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belarus

First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belarus

b. 1954

1991-2001 Disbandment
Gennaday Zyuganov

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR (1993-2000)


General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (2000- 

Chairman of the Committee (2000-2001)

b. 1944 1995-2001

Disbandment

Final Committee

  • Gennaday Zyuganov: Chairman, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • Alexander Lukashenko: Deputy Chairman, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belarus
  • Valentin Pavlov: Former Soviet Premier, Senior Advisor to the State Committee
  • Dimitry Yazov: Former Minister of Defense and Former Marshall of the Soviet Army
  • Vasily Starodubtsev: Former Chairman of the Peasants' Union of the USSR
  • Alexander Tizyakov: Former President of the Association of State Enterprises
  • Anatoly Lukyanov: Former Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and Former Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian FSFR
  • Gennaday Yanayev: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Last Meeting: August 1, 2001 (In Regards to Disbandment)

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki