Stalin coup

Stalin coup

Date: February 8, 1934

Congress decisive victory
Stalin coup fail


17th Congress of Party
Red Army units
GRU units

Stalin clique

NKVD units


Sergei M. Kirov
Mikhail N. Tukhachevsky
Andrei I. Navrchov
Vitovt Putna †

Joseph V. Stalin †
Vasili J. Stalin(c.)
Commander Vlasik †

Congress militia:

2,500 armed civilians
Red Army units
160,000 troops
2,000 tanks and AFV
GRU units:
10,000 elite troops

Stalin bodyguard:

500 elite troops
NKVD units:
15,000 troops
10 tanks and AFV

Casualties and losses
896 dead

6,162 wounded
7 tanks destroyed

12,211 dead
654 wounded
Other captured
All tanks captured

17th Congress of Party

After many years of Stalin's tyranny and corrupted regime, leaders of All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and masses of suffering workers, peasants, and red army soldiers decided to end Stalin's regime.
7th February 1934 became greatest day in new history. Sergei Mironovich Kirov, Leningrad party leader, said strong criticism against Stalin government, corruption and poverty in the Soviet Union, and he proclaimed the establishment of democratic elections, plural political system and direct democracy with new economic reforms and liberalisations.
Kirov became celebrated as hero of Soviet Union and Soviet people. Red Army officers from Revolutionaries Army Committee, group of anti-Stalin officers, supported Kirov and mobilised Red Army to prevent NKVD attacks.

Stalin coup

However, on 8th february 1934, plastic explosives destroyed Party Congress building. Kirov and many party officials and delegates were evacuated short before explosions, because of Lavrenti Beria who warned congress leaders about bombing attack prepared by Stalin clique.
Stalin saw congress want to reform Soviet Union, so he decided to eliminate congress. Fortunately for soviet people, Red Army were mobilised and started attacks against NKVD positions.

Congress counter-attack

Four tank brigades and two rifle divisions encircled Stalin dacha in Kuntzev.
During morning, Stalin's son Yakov and daughter Svetlana defected to congress side. However, his second son, Vasily, was loyal to his father regime and helped father bodyguards and paramilitary units to defend dacha.
At noon, Red Army troops conquered extern perimeters of Kuntzev dacha and tanks brigades fired against dacha. Moment before tanks attack, Stalin committed suicide and tanks shot destroyed his office and killed commander Vlasik.
On Ukraine, NKVD units killed during battle, commander of 5th Army Corps, Vitovt Putna. Commanders Zhukov, Levandovski and Shevchenkova eliminated NKVD troops and armoured forces near 5th Army Corps command center and arrested many NKVD troops.


After fall of Stalin regime, new socialist government arrested and executed Voroshilov(because of his role in Red Army), Kaganovich (because of holodomor), Molotov(because in main participation in Stalin reign) and many other important Stalinist figures.

Kirov was elect to new president of Soviet Union and started reformation and democratization of Soviet land. Small enterprises were permitted, private ownership of land also, freedom of speech, political organizations, strikes and local elections were accepted by congress and signed by Kirov.

Soviet leadership and people commissariat of foreign affaires decided to new course to elimination Nazi threat in Europe and contacted many countries in central, southern, eastern and northern Europe to start cooperation and building defense pact against Nazism and Fascism.

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