Spoken in Spain, Mexico, Texas, Africa
Native speakers 204 Million  (2010)
Language family
  • Italic
    • Romance
      • Western Romance
        • Ibero-Romance
          • West-Iberian
            • Castilian languages
              • Spanish
Writing system Latin (Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Official status
Official language in European Federation (Prefecture of Spain)


Language codes
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
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Template:Infobox language/IPA


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Spanish (Español), also called Castilian (Castellano), is a Romance language that originated in Castile, a region in Spain.

Writing system

Spanish is usually written in the Latin script, with the addition of the character ⟨ñ⟩ and the digraphs ⟨ch⟩. The acute accent and diaeresis marks are used on vowels ⟨á é í ó ú ü⟩, though they are considered variants of the plain vowel letters. The only exception is ⟨ñ⟩, in which it is considered a separate letter from ⟨n⟩. This makes a difference when sorting alphabetically; ⟨ñ⟩ appears in dictionaries after ⟨n⟩. For example, in a Spanish dictionary piñata comes after pinza.

As a result, the Spanish alphabet has the following 27 letters and 2 digraphs:

  • A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
  • Ch, Ll.
  • Á, É, Í, Ó, Ú, Ü

The letters ⟨k⟩ and ⟨w⟩ are used only in words and names coming from foreign languages (kilo, folklore, whisky, etc.).

In Kagiyama, the Spanish language is written in the Katakana script. The Spanish Katakana alphabet is as follows (with the corresponding letter in Parentheses):

  • ア (A), シ (B), コ (C), リ (D), エ (E), イ (I), カ (K), ヌ (N), ネ (Ñ), オ (O), サ (S), タ (T), ウ (U), Y (ヤ)
  • ワ (Á), ヱ (É), ヰ (Í), ヲ (Ó), ル (Ú), ズ (Ü)

Interrogative and exclamatory clauses are introduced with inverted question and exclamation marks (⟨¿⟩ and ⟨¡⟩, respectively).