Spanish Mauritania (Spanish: Mauritania Española, Moorish: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰ ⵜⴰⵙⵒⴰⵏⵢⵉⵜ Tamazgha Taspanyit), but officially know as Spanish West Africa (Spanish: África Occidental Española), was a possession Spanish in the western Mauritania which was initially administered as a protectorate (1885) but eventually as a colony (1912) from the city of Casablanca (present-day Anfa). During World War II, the colony of Spanish West Africa was occupied by Allies (see Operation Torch) and caused the armistice of Spain (7 December 1942). As consequence, Spanish Mauritania was administered by France and official annexed to French Mauritania after the Paris Peace Conference (1946–47).

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