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Spanish-Louisianan War (Louisiana Revolution)

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Previous:

Louisianan Revolution

Next:

Second Spanish-Louisianan War

Spanish-Louisianan War
Beginning:

March 7, 1778

End:

November 12, 1778

Place:

Florida colony, southeast New Spain

Outcome:

- Louisianan Victory
- Spain loses esteem in Europe
- Florida and other territory ceded to Louisiana

Major battles:

- Battle of Tallahassee
- Battle of Santa Fe
- Battle of Tampa

Combatants

Flag of the Kingdom of Louisiana Louisiana

Flag of Cross of Burgundy New Spain

Commanders

Flag of the Kingdom of Louisiana Chevalier de Levis
Flag of the Kingdom of Louisiana Comte de Rochambeau

Flag of Cross of Burgundy Alejandro O'Reilly

Strength

80,000+

50,000+

Casualties and Losses

25,000

30,000

The Spanish-Louisianan War was a short-lived military conflict between New Spain and Louisiana. The war was not particularly bloody and caused minimal damage to the infrastructure of New Spain, although it ended disastrously for the colony.

Chevalier de Levis, Louisiana's star general, scored victories in New Orleans, Tallahassee, and Tampa, while a lower ranking commander, Comte de Rochambeau, led the charge in the west. The war began on March 7, 1778 with the invasion of Louisiana by the Spanish under the command of Alejandro O'Reilly, who was responsible for the Spanish defeat in 1770.

From the beginning the Spanish war effort was flawed. The first major battle came at Natchitoches, in which the Spanish were forced to retreat extremely quickly. Following this loss, the Spanish retreated back across the border to Santa Fe, where the battle settled into a stalemate long enough for de Levis to hit the Spanish in Florida several times. Finally, Santa Fe fell in mid-October, followed by San Antonio a few weeks later, and Tampa in November. Following th defeat at Tampa, the Spanish were forced to surrender, giving up a considerable amount of territory, including Florida.

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