Spanish-American War
The Battle of El Corbre

April 25, 1898


March 16, 1899


Cuba and Puerto Rico (Caribbean)
Philippines and Guam (Asia-Pacific)


Treaty of Paris

  • American victory
  • Protectorate over Cuba
  • Fall of the Spanish Empire in America
  • Generation of '99
  • Outbreak of the Philippine–American War

US flag 45 starsUnited States
Flag of CubaCuba
Flag of the PhilippinesPhilippine Republic

  • Philippine revolution flag kkk1Katipunan

Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931)Kingdom of Spain


US flag 45 stars William McKinley
US flag 45 stars Nelson A. Miles
US flag 45 stars Theodore Roosevelt
US flag 45 stars William R. Shafter
US flag 45 stars George Dewey
US flag 45 stars William Sampson
US flag 45 stars Wesley Merritt
US flag 45 starsJoseph Wheeler
Flag of Cuba Máximo Gómez
Flag of Cuba Demetrio Duany
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Emilio Aguinaldo
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Apolinario Mabini

Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Maria Christina
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Práxedes Sagasta
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Patricio Montojo
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Pascual Cervera
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Arsenio Linares
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Manuel Macías
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Ramón Blanco
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Antero Rubin
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Valeriano Weyler
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Fermin Jaudenes


United States:
Cuban Republic:


Casualties and Losses

United States:
5820 dead
2670 wounded
Cuban Republic
15,905 dead

10,200 dead
7,550 wounded

The Spanish-American War was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Spain and the United States of America that lasted from 1898 to 1899, effectively resulting in the American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence, and the Philippine Revolution, which would ultimately lead to the Philippine-American War.

Revolts against Spanish rule had occurred for some years in Cuba. There had been war scares before, as in the Virginius Affair in 1873. In the late 1890's, American public opinion was agitated by anti-Spanish propaganda led by journalists such as Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst which used yellow journalism to criticize Spanish administration of Cuba. After the mysterious sinking of the American battleship Maine in Havana harbor, political pressures from the Democratic Party and certain industrialists pushed the administration of Republican President William McKinley into a war he had wished to avoid. Compromise was sought by Spain, but rejected by the United States which sent an ultimatum to Spain demanding it surrender control of Cuba. First Madrid, then Washington, formally declared war.

Whilst many in both Washington and Madrid hoped for a swift conclusion to the war, many of the Spanish generals were persistent in the defence of the colonies. This resulted in prolonging a war which had, by many perspectives, finished when the Americans invaded and occupied Cuba. Guerrilla war tactics on the Spanish side saw more deaths caused by disease on both sides as the war dragged on, and by 1899, both nations were already war-weary. The result was the 1899 Treaty of Paris, negotiated on terms favourable to the Americans. The Spanish lost their Caribbean holdings (Puerto Rico and Cuba) as well as their largest Pacific holding (the Philippines). This caused a massive blow to the Spanish populations psyche, and as a result, many began to re-evaluate their nations society, and where it was headed. This was movement was dubbed the generation of '99.