Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España

Bandera de España 1808-1813 Napoleonic Spain
1813 - Present
Timeline: Congress of Vienna - Reinstalled (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Spain
Bandera de España 1760-1785.svg Royal Greater Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Version with Golden Fleece and Order of Charles III Collars.svg
Coat of arms
Plus Ultra
"Further Beyond"
Himno Nacional
"National Anthem"

Royal anthem: 
Marcha Real
"Royal March"
(and largest city)
Other cities Barcelona, Valencia, Seville
Official languages Spanish
Regional Languages Catalan, Basque
Ethnic groups  Spanish
Demonym Spaniard, Spanish
Roman Catholic Religion
Government Absolute Monarch
 -  King -Francisco I
 -  Prime Minister -Manuel de Godoy
Legislature Cortes Generales
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Congress of Deputies
 -  Union of Aragon and Castile 1479 
 -  Habsburg Spain 1516 
 -  Bourbon Succession 1700 
 -  Integration of Aragon and Castile 1716 
 -  Restoration of Bourbon Monarchy  
 -  1813  
Currency Spanish escudo
Patron saint James the Greater

The Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España) is a powerful nation in Western Europe. Tracing its history back until Carthaginian settlement, Spain is one of the most prestigious states in the world, with an empire that includes most of the Americas.

Currently, Spain is torn in a civil war between conservatives, backing Carlos V, and liberals, backing Infante Francisco de Paula. The conflict is primarily in the favor of Francisco, yet the capital city still remains under Carlist control.



The Iberian Peninsula was first entered by  humans about 32,000 years ago. Spanish prehistory extends to the pre-Roman Iron Age cultures that controlled most of Iberia: those of the Iberians, Celtiberians, Tartessians, Lusitanians and Vascones and trading settlements of Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians on the Mediterranean coast.

Hispania was the name used for the peninsula under Roman rule from the 2nd century BC. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century, parts of Hispania came under the control of the Germanic tribes of Vandals, Suebi and Visigoths.

The Visigothic Kingdom conquered all of Hispania and ruled it until the early 8th century, when the peninsula fell to the Muslim conquests. The Muslim state in Iberia came to be known as Al-Andalus. After a period of Muslim dominance, the medieval history of Spain is dominated by the long Christian Reconquista or "reconquest" of the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim rule. The Reconquista gathered momentum during the 12th century, leading to the establishment of the Christian kingdoms of Portugal, Aragon, Castile and Navarre and by 1250, had reduced Muslim control to the Emirate of Granada in the south-east of the peninsula. Muslim rule in Granada survived until 1492, when it fell to the Catholic Monarchs.

Soon after the completion of the Reconquista, the kingdoms of Spain were united under Habsburg rule in 1506. At the same time, the Spanish Empire began to expand to the New World across the ocean, marking the beginning of the Spanish Golden Age of Spain, during which, from the early 1500s to the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was among the most powerful states in Europe.

In this time, Spain was involved in all major European wars, including the Italian Wars, the Eighty Years' War, the Thirty Years' War and the Franco-Spanish War. In the later 17th century, however, Spanish power began to decline, and after the death of the last Habsburg ruler, the War of the Spanish Succession ended with the relegation of Spain, now under Bourbon rule, to the status of a second-rate power with a reduced influence in European affairs.

1800 to Present



Note: * indicates abdication, † indicates monarch that was desposed, ‡ indicates monarchs whose reign ended due to resigning a claim as a pretender.

Name Lifespan Reign Start Reign End Notes Family Image

Ferdinand V and II

Fernando V y II


1475 (Castile)

1479 (Aragon)

1504 (Castile)

1516 (Aragon)

Trastámara Ferdinand II of Aragon

Isabella I

Isabel I

1451-1504 1474 (Castile) 1504 (Castile) Trastámara Isabella of Castile


Juana I


1504 (Castile)

1516 (Aragon)

1555 Trastámara Joanna of Spain

Philip I

Felipe I

1478-1506 1506 (Castile) 1506 (Castile) Habsburg Philip I of Spain

Charles I

Carlos I

1500-1558 1516 1556* Habsburg Carlos I of Spain

Philip II

Felipe II

1527-1598 1556 1598 Habsburg Philip II of Spain

Philip III

Felipe III

1578-1621 1598 1621 Habsburg Philip III of Spain

Philip IV

Felipe IV

1605-1665 1621 1665 Habsburg Philip IV of Spain

Charles II

Carlos II

1661-1700 1665 1700 Habsburg Carlos II of Spain

Charles III

Carlos III

1685-1740 1700 1714‡ War of Spanish Succession Habsburg Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire

Philip V

Felipe V

1683-1746 1700 1724* War of Spanish Succession Bourbon Philip V of Spain

Louis I

Luis I

1707-1724 1724 1724 Bourbon Louis I of Spain

Philip V

Philip V

1683-1746 1724 1746 Bourbon Philip V of Spain

Ferdinand VI

Fernando VI

1713-1759 1746 1759 Bourbon Ferdinand VI 2

Charles III

Carlos III

1716-1788 1759 1788 Bourbon Charles III of Spain

Charles IV

Carlos IV

1748-1819 1788 1808* Bourbon 438px-Carlos IV de rojo

Ferdinand VII

Fernando VII

1784-1816 1808 1808* Bourbon Ferdinand VII of Spain

Joseph I

José I

1768-1844 1808 1813† Napoleonic War, Peninsular War Bonaparte Joseph Bonaparte

Ferdinand VII

Fernando VII

1784-1816 1813 1816 Bourbon Ferdinand VII of Spain

Charles V

Carlos V

1788-Present 1816 1817‡ Spanish Civil War Bourbon Infante Carlos, Count of Molina

Francis I

Francisco I

1794-Present 1816 Incumbent Spanish Civil War Bourbon 466px-Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain

Cortes Generales


Spain's economy is largely based upon exports from the New World colonies and rural agriculture. Traditionally, the feudal system was extremely important to Spanish economic development, but in recent years reforms have ended feudalism. This has resulted in the emergence of something of a middle class, although it is still relatively small and weak.

In more recent years, constant war has severely hurt Spain's economy. Some hope that this will lead to an industrial revolution to overtake Spain much like has happened in England and is starting to happen in American.

Economic reforms are a central tenet of liberal policy, and Manuel de Godoy, the leader of the liberal movement, has promised that industrialization and liberalization of wealth will be among his first policies after the liberal side wins the Civil War.

Foreign Affairs