|Kingdom of Spain|
Reino de EspañaTimeline: Congress of Vienna - Reinstalled (Map Game)
1813 - Present
OTL equivalent: Spain
(and largest city)
|Other cities||Barcelona, Valencia, Seville|
|Regional Languages||Catalan, Basque|
|-||Prime Minister||-Manuel de Godoy|
|-||Lower house||Congress of Deputies|
|-||Union of Aragon and Castile||1479|
|-||Integration of Aragon and Castile||1716|
|-||Restoration of Bourbon Monarchy|
|Patron saint||James the Greater|
The Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España) is a powerful nation in Western Europe. Tracing its history back until Carthaginian settlement, Spain is one of the most prestigious states in the world, with an empire that includes most of the Americas.
Currently, Spain is torn in a civil war between conservatives, backing Carlos V, and liberals, backing Infante Francisco de Paula. The conflict is primarily in the favor of Francisco, yet the capital city still remains under Carlist control.
The Iberian Peninsula was first entered by humans about 32,000 years ago. Spanish prehistory extends to the pre-Roman Iron Age cultures that controlled most of Iberia: those of the Iberians, Celtiberians, Tartessians, Lusitanians and Vascones and trading settlements of Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians on the Mediterranean coast.
Hispania was the name used for the peninsula under Roman rule from the 2nd century BC. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century, parts of Hispania came under the control of the Germanic tribes of Vandals, Suebi and Visigoths.
The Visigothic Kingdom conquered all of Hispania and ruled it until the early 8th century, when the peninsula fell to the Muslim conquests. The Muslim state in Iberia came to be known as Al-Andalus. After a period of Muslim dominance, the medieval history of Spain is dominated by the long Christian Reconquista or "reconquest" of the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim rule. The Reconquista gathered momentum during the 12th century, leading to the establishment of the Christian kingdoms of Portugal, Aragon, Castile and Navarre and by 1250, had reduced Muslim control to the Emirate of Granada in the south-east of the peninsula. Muslim rule in Granada survived until 1492, when it fell to the Catholic Monarchs.
Soon after the completion of the Reconquista, the kingdoms of Spain were united under Habsburg rule in 1506. At the same time, the Spanish Empire began to expand to the New World across the ocean, marking the beginning of the Spanish Golden Age of Spain, during which, from the early 1500s to the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was among the most powerful states in Europe.
In this time, Spain was involved in all major European wars, including the Italian Wars, the Eighty Years' War, the Thirty Years' War and the Franco-Spanish War. In the later 17th century, however, Spanish power began to decline, and after the death of the last Habsburg ruler, the War of the Spanish Succession ended with the relegation of Spain, now under Bourbon rule, to the status of a second-rate power with a reduced influence in European affairs.
1800 to Present
Note: * indicates abdication, † indicates monarch that was desposed, ‡ indicates monarchs whose reign ended due to resigning a claim as a pretender.
Spain's economy is largely based upon exports from the New World colonies and rural agriculture. Traditionally, the feudal system was extremely important to Spanish economic development, but in recent years reforms have ended feudalism. This has resulted in the emergence of something of a middle class, although it is still relatively small and weak.
In more recent years, constant war has severely hurt Spain's economy. Some hope that this will lead to an industrial revolution to overtake Spain much like has happened in England and is starting to happen in American.
Economic reforms are a central tenet of liberal policy, and Manuel de Godoy, the leader of the liberal movement, has promised that industrialization and liberalization of wealth will be among his first policies after the liberal side wins the Civil War.