In 1865, the first man was sent up into space. His name was Kimi Ivarsson, and he was a 35 year old from Denmark-Sweden. In the next decade, many other countries followed. After Kimi was Rhys Bryant, a 32 year old English cosmonaut. Then came Keir Moore, a 43 year old Scot. Astronauts from New England and Vinland came next. By 1875, the English managed to land a man (Marc Docherty) on Mars.
The next thing on the Space agenda was building a colony on Luna. The first dome city was called Mirnyy, and was built by the Russians in 1892. The English began to work on terraforming technology to build the first grasslands in space. It was built on Luna in 1910, and was called Corwen. The English also built the first colony on Mars in 1921, which was called Portsmouth, and didn't use any terraforming technology.
The most hopeful project was the Scottish colony on Mars, which was called Odiham and was built in 1932. It used imported water from Earth to fill up a 24km wide crater, and imported grass to make a 50 square km grassland next to the new lake. It used very new terraforming technology to make it's own oxygen, and is still (surprisingly) working to this day.
The technology gained from Space travel allowed serious terraforming on the Earth. The Moroccan government was able to turn a 5-mile wide strip of land in the Sahara into lush plains. An archipelago was made in the Atlantic by the New English and the Castillians for ocean research, and was known as the Midlands. Today it's grown into a heavily populated place with eight cities and over 100,000 people living there.