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Soviet Union (6-2-5 Upheaval)

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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Timeline: 6-2-5 Upheaval
OTL equivalent: Soviet Union

Flag of Russia Russian Republic
1922 - ????
Flag of Russia Russia, and many more
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.svg
Motto: 
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!
Workers of the World, Unite!
Anthem: 
State Anthem of the Soviet Union
Capital
(and largest city)
Moscow
Other cities Kiev, Leningrad
Official languages Russian, many others
Regional Languages Many languages
Ethnic groups  Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Demonym Soviet
Government Marxist–Leninist Single-party State
 -  General Secretary PERSON
Establishment
 -  Treaty of Creation December 30, 1922 
Population
 -  1991 census 293,047,571 
Currency Soviet ruble (руб)

The Soviet Union (known also as the USSR or colloquially as Russia) was a superpower in northern Eurasia that was based upon the principles of communism and totalitarianism.

History

Background

Early Russia

Russia's earliest history opened with a series of small Grand Duchies all vying for regional dominance. At the same time, Mongols and Tatars had established suzerainty over these small Grand Duchies. The Mongols and Tatars ended up helping the creation of a modern Russian state, when they supported the Grand Duchy of Moscow in its rise to power.

Russian Empire

In 1457, the large Grand Duchy of Moscow was reformed by Ivan IV, the Terrible, into the Tsardom of Russia. This important step was a key transition in the move from a Grand Duchy to an Empire. In 1721, Peter I, the Great, a major reformer of Russia with the intent of bringing Russia up to par with the rest of Europe. The Russian Empire grew to include almost all of the lands held by the USSR at its peak.

By the early 1900s, however, the Russian Empire began to show signs of strain. Centuries of oppression began to reach a boiling point as the serfs and peasants staged rebellions.

Revolution and Stalin's Reign

During the deadly and extremely costly fighting of World War I, the Russian population reached the point of no return. They attacked the Royal Family in a powerful rebellion and, after an extended Civil War, the Bolsheviks, or Communists, won control over the vast reaches of Russia. The leader of the newly founded Soviet Union was Vladimir Lenin, a powerful orator and leader.

After Lenin's death in 1924, however, a large power struggle emerged. The two primary leaders to contend for the position of the position of the General Secretariat of the Communist Party were Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. When Stalin won, he then used World War II, which wreaked massive havoc in Russia, to gain lands in Eastern Europe.

After Stalin

Death of Stalin and Power Struggle

Government and Politics

The government and politics of the Soviet Union were highly intertwined. The government was effectively led by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and as such all politics are performed at intra-party levels. Unlike many Western and pro-NATO/APTO nations where a system of many political parties exist, the Soviet Union only had the CPSU under the Soviet Constitution.

The Soviet Union also exercised relatively tight control over its satellite states in Eastern Europe through the Bucharest Pact, a geopolitical alliance of like-minded Communist states, which was de facto under the control of the leader of the Soviet Union.

Administrative Divisions

The Soviet Union was divided into multiple Soviet Socialist Republics. Each of these SSRs were de jure equals, although the power of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was typically seen to be greater than the power of the other SSRs.

In addition to the SSRs, each SSR had a number of oblasts, or states. Some SSRs also had ASSRs, or Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics. While not being a co-equal member of the Soviet Union, each ASSR was treated with greater leniency than the oblasts of a given SSR.

Flag Name Capital Member Since Member Until
Flag of the Russian Soviet Republic.svg Russian Soviet Federative Socialst Republic Moscow 1922
Flag of Ukrainian SSR Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Kiev
(Kharkiv before 1934)
1922
Flag of Byelorussian SSR Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Minsk 1922
Flag of Georgian SSR Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic Tbilsi 1922
Flag of Azerbaijan SSR Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic Baku 1922
Flag of Armenian SSR Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic Yerevan 1922
Flag of Uzbek SSR Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Tashkent
(Samarkand before 1930)
1924
Flag of Turkmen SSR Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Ashgabat 1924
Flag of Tajik SSR Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Dushanbe 1929
Flag of the Kazakh SSR Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Almaty 1936
Flag of Kyrgyz SSR Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic

Bishkek
(formerly called  Frunze / Pishpek)

1936
Flag of Lithuanian SSR Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Vilnius 1940
Flag of Moldavian SSR Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic Chisinau
(formerly called Kishinev)
1940
Flag of Latvian SSR Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Riga 1940
Flag of Estonian SSR Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic Tallinn 1940

Economy

The Soviet Union was the first nation to adopt a centrally planned economy.

Military

Depending on the source, the Soviets had either the largest or second largest military in the world at the Union's peak.

Culture

The culture of the Soviet Union was a complex blend of Russian cultures, Baltic cultures, Caucasian cultures, and Central Asian cultures which evolved significantly over the course of the entire existence of the USSR.

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