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Union of Soviet States
Союз Советских государств (Russian)
Flag of the Union State.svg New ussr simplified national emblem by glide08-d8wmjnn (1).png
Anthem"The Internationale"
Capital
(and largest city)
Moscow
Official languages Russian (national)
Belarusian (official)
Ukrainian (official)
Kazakh (official)
Tajik (official)
Romanian (official)
Finnish (official)
Chechen (official)
Tatar (official)
Recognised regional languages Adyghe, Kalmyk, Buryat
Demonym Soviet
Government Presidential Republic
 •  President Vladimir Putin
 •  Vice President Dmitry Medvedev
 •  Prime Minister Alexander Lukashenko
 •  Political Speaker Nursultan Nazarbayev
 •  Upper House Union Assembly
 •  Lower House State Duma
Currency Soviet ruble (SUR)

The Union of Soviet Republics (Russian: Союз Советских республик), also known as the Soviet Union as well as Vostochnoslavia (lit. "Land of the East Slavs" in Russian), is a country in Eastern Europe and Central Asia that consists of the Soviet Republics of Russia, Belarus, Chechnya, Crimea, Tajikistan, Karelia, Moldova and Kazakhstan.  

Originally founded as a socialist and communist nation, the Soviet Union today is a capitalist and democratic country. In 1992, many of the Soviet republics, namely Ukraine, Kazakshtan, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia broke away from the Soviet Union. However, Russia and Belarus stayed together, and in 1994, was re-joined by Kazakhstan, Moldova, Tajkistan; and after the Soviet involvement in the Crimea Crisis - a portion of Ukraine, as well as Crimea later on.

The Soviet Union borders Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to the east, Ukraine and Romania to the south as well as the Black Sea.

The Soviet Union is currently one of the competing military powers of the world, boasting the largest army, and air force, having allies and puppet states in the Middle East and Eastern Europe.

The major religions are Christianity - which the majority follows (Russian Orthodox and Ukrainian Orthodox Church), followed by Islam, Buddhism and Shamanism. While Russian is designated as the national language, the Soviet Union has four official languages, they are: Russian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Romanian, Finnish, Tajik, Chechen and Tatar as the 1992 Soviet Constitution recognizes the language of each Soviet state to be granted with official government recognition. Though, Russian is the required language while the other six languages are designated as optional languages.

History

In 1992, Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev announced that the Soviet Union would transition into a free market economy, among other major reforms. The name "socialist" was dropped from the Soviet Union's official name, and simply became the Union of Soviet Republics. In addition, Gorbachev allowed for the formation of political parties in the Soviet Union. As a result of Gorbachev's policies, he was elected as the first president of the Soviet Union, representing the Liberal Democratic Party.

It was renamed as SFR Vostokslavia, an influence taken from Yugoslavia (lit. "Land of the South Slavs"), where Russia, Belarus and Ukraine were the "Land of the East Slavs".

Gorbachev rejected Chechen independence, but he allowed Chechnya to exist as a Soviet republic rather than become part of SFR Russia.

In 1994, Kazakhstan and Moldova re-joined the Soviet Union amid favorable views of the Soviet Union.

During the Yugoslav Wars, the Soviet government sent forces to help the People's Yugoslav Army get rid of ethnic nationalist paramilitary groups in 1992. NATO has even more alarmed when the Soviet military was seen by NATO spies helping construct a nuclear base in Belgrade. This is because Boris Yeltsin and Slobodan Milošević had secretly signed a nuclear deal. NATO sent assassin squads after the Soviets, only to fail in their operations.

The Soviet Stretegic Missile Troops also delivered loads of Ivan IV rockets to the JNA, which allowed them to effectively wipe out all opposition.

The joint Yugoslav-Soviet effort against NATO succeeded, and ended with a Yugoslav victory in 1994, and the opposition fled to Greece. The Belgrade Nuclear Base finally began to see rapid progress. The West had made desparate diplomatic attempts for Yugoslavia to withdraw from its nuclear deal with the Soviet Union, including paying war reparations for damages. Yet, the government in Belgrade refused.

The base was completed in 1997, and in 1998, the first nuclear rockets were placed into the base. In 2001, the JNA tested the first Yugoslav-made nuclear rocket, the Tito I, named after Josip Broz Tito, at the Novaya Zemlya testing site in the Soviet Union.

In 1996, the independant government of Tajikistan collapsed, and made a bid for a re-entry into the Soviet Union, seeing how well the Soviet government held itself together after the Great Secessions. The formation of the Soviet Republic of Tajkistan was finalized in 1997. 

In 2002, Chinese troops were amassing near the Chinese-Manchurian border. The Manchurian government, fearing a Chinese military takeover, looked to the Soviet Union for military aid. 

In 2014, amid political unrest in Ukraine, militants in eastern Ukraine called for the region, including the Crimean Peninsula, to be under Soviet control. Soviet president Vladimir Putin provided political asylum for Viktor Yanukovych and his family.

Ignoring western demands, Putin sent ground forces into eastern Ukraine. NATO and the western countries attempted to stop the Soviets by sending forces, however they were outgunned by the ferocious resistance from pro-Soviet Ukrainians and the Soviet forces themselves. As a result, the Soviets successfully occupied eastern Ukraine, and was established as the Soviet Republic of Ukraine, and the Soviet Republic of Crimea.

Military

Despite the fall of communism, which put the Soviet Armed Forces through a period of dormancy and mediocrecy, it still remains the "power in the East". Being one of the competing military powers of the world, the SAF boasts having the largest overall military, with the world's largest land force and air force. It currently contains the second-largest navy. The Soviet Union currently has the world's second-largest military expidenture, at approximately $458.5 million USD as of 2017. 

The armed forces also contains the People's Army, the gandermarie force of the Soviet Armed Forces. The People's Army is divided into two battalions: the Civil Battalion and the Home Battalion. The Civil Battalion is the gandermarie force, and is organized like any military force. The Home Battalion consists of armed civilians, and functions as a partisan movement.

Army

The Soviet Army is currently the world's largest ground force, boasting a current count of 3,200,000 total personnel, both active and reserve. 

After the fall of communism, president Gorbachev and president Yeltsin both changed the Soviet military doctrine, rather than conscripts, into a professional army. This greatly diminished the size of the Soviet Army. However, it showed very positive results, attested to by the Soviet Army's brilliant performance in the Yugoslav Wars, helping the JNA fight off the highly favored NATO forces.

Navy

The Soviet Union currently possesses the world's second largest navy, having 13 aircraft carriers and 382 ships in total. The Soviet Navy currently has active fleets in the Arctic, Baltic, Balkans, South China Sea, Sea of Okhostk and the Sea of Japan. Its Balkan and Baltic fleet is shared with fleets of the Yugoslav People's Navy and the Scandinavian Navy respectively.

The Soviet Navy also has the famous Navy Spetsnaz, comparable to the Navy SEALs of the U.S. Navy. In addition, the Soviet Navy also has its own aviation, possessing just over 2,560,000 aircraft. 

The Soviet Navy has earned, on multiple occasions, the title of the world's most advanced navy, the only other such having received the title is the United States Navy.

Air Force

As of 2015, the Soviet Air Force is currently the world's largest. Beginning in 2008, President Vladimir Putin began a rigorious attempt to update and expand the Soviet Union's aerial forces, seeing how rather behind it was against that of their American counterpart.

In 2008, the Soviet Air Force had about 1,200 aircraft, many of which were older and obselete. By the time 2013 rolled around, the Soviet Air Force's strength had come to about 2,500 aircraft, this time most of them being battle-tested and updated. 

By the time 2014 came, the Soviet Union had 4,400 aircraft. President John McCain attempted to scare the Soviets into submission by carrying out Operation Show Them Who We Are, carrying out a bombing campaign on Afghanistan and a field testing show.

This did anything but scare Putin and the Soviets, who simply continued expanding the air force, and carrying out Operation Let Us See, doing their own field testing shows. In 2015, the Soviet Air Force had increased to 5,520 aircraft, eventually surpassing its American counterpart.

Nuclear Weapons

Despite having seemingly friendly relations with the west, Boris Yeltsin, who succeeded Mikhail Gorbachev refused to get rid of the nuclear stockpile, and instead, continued the competition with the west. 

The Soviet Union continues the world's largest arsenal of nuclear weapons, and has the most nuclear warheads in the world. 

Politics

The politics of the Soviet Union is a democratic one. The President is the Head of State, and the Prime Minister is the Head of Government. The President and Prime Minister currently have no term limit. Both the President and Vice President are elected separately.

Currently, the United Soviet Party is the ruling party in the Soviet Union. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, while still existent and running, has lost its power and influence ever since the collapse of communism in 1989 and the Great Secessions of 1992.

Administrative Divisions

Name Capital Flag Coat of Arms
Soviet Federative Republic of Russia Moscow
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation 2
Soviet Republic of Belarus Minsk
Coat of arms of Belarus
Soviet Republic of Ukraine Kharkiv
Coat of arms of Ukraine (Myomi Republic)
Soviet Republic of Crimea Sevastopol
Emblem of Crimea
Soviet Republic of Karelia Vyborg
Coat of Arms of Republic of Karelia
Soviet Republic of Chechnya Grozny
Coat of arms of Chechnya
Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan Astana
Soviet Republic of Tajikistan Dushanbe
Coat of arms of Tajikistan 1992-1993
Soviet Republic of Moldova Chișinău
Coat of arms of Moldova

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