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The Union of Sovereign Democratic Republics (Russian: Союз Суверенных Демократическая Республик Soyuz Suverennykh Demokraticheskaya Respublik), more known as the Sovereign Union (Russian: Союз Суверенных Soyuz Suverennykh) is a transcontinental Eurasian country that stretches from Kaliningrad, an enclave in Polish territory to Provydenya in the Strait of Bering.
Established in 1924 as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, a centralized federation of socialist republics from former parts of Russian Empire, the country endured almost 80 years of communist dictatorship until the democratic revolution in 1991. At the wake of demonstrations for democratic and free elections, the referendum held on November 17, 1991 made the Soviet Union into a confederation of sovereign republics. Following the first general election on May 1, 1992, the Union of Sovereign Democratic Republics was inaugurated along with the introduction of the Nordic socialist system.
By the adoption of the 1992 SUDR Constitution, the Supreme Soviet of USSR was replaced by the Supreme Parliament of Sovereign Democratic Republics that is elected every seven years. The President of Supreme Parliament is de facto head of state of the Union while the head of government is chosen every three years in democratic elections. The administrative divisions of the USDR consists of 16 sovereign republics that made-up the Union and several autonomous sovereign republics.
On 1995, the Union government introduced the welfare state system that includes the free and universal programs of education, healthcare and housing. The first anthem of 1917 October Revolution, the Worker’s’ Marsellaise (Russian: Рабочая Марсельеза Rabochaya Marselyeza), replaced the old anthem of the Soviet Union in 1996, as the symbol of the overthrow of autocratic government.
In 1991, the original anthems of the Baltic republics, together with its flags and institutions of government, were re-established within the USSR, that made Gorbachev gain the confidence of the Baltic countries, specially of Estonia, who was reluctantly to accept the permanence into the sovereign union until that moment.
One of the first measures of the new Sovereign Union Government was the re-admission into the union of the Volga Germans and all the German minorities, together with the Polish minorities, that had been expelled from the country in 1941, settling them mostly into Kaliningrad, that was renamed Königsberg/Kyonigsberg and in the new Volga German Sovereign Republic, located into the outskirts of Saratov. Also, a new nationality policy was enforced to give each nationality the predominance on its republic, and the "Minority Zones" to be created. Those were zones that had been mostly inhabited in the past by ethnic groups who where expelled and now they wanted to return, as the Polish Zones in Western Ukraine or in Belarussian borders. In 1997 Vilnius was de-attached from Lithuania and gived to Belarus, the republic of which had been part since its existence as a soviet republic.
The Republics of the Soviet Union participate separately in international sporting events, except in the Olympic Games, also, due to the popularity of the Eurovision Song Contest in the western, and Baltic republics made the countries of the soviet union to take part in the contest separately (since the Sovereign Union was a confederation of SOVEREIGN states)