The Kingdom of Southern Africa, is a nation in Southern Africa. Citizens of Southern Africa are Southern Africans (singular: Southern African), regardless of ethnicity. Formerly the British protectorate of Southern Africa, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 29 August 1960. It is bordered by Central and Southern Africa to the north, and East Africa to the northeast. The economy, closely tied to Central and Southern Africa's, is dominated by mining (especially diamonds), tourism, and cattle.