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South Sudan (1983: Doomsday)

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Republic Of South Sudan
Timeline: 1983: Doomsday

OTL equivalent: South Sudan
Flag of South Sudan Seal of the Government of Southern Sudan
Flag Coat of Arms
800px-LocationSouthernSudan.svg
Location of Republic Of South Sudan
Capital
(and largest city)
Juba
Language English, Arabic
Religion Christianity
Government Social Democracy
President Salva Kiir Mayardit
Prime Minister Riek Machar
Area 640,000 km²
Population 7,500,000 
Established 1990

The Republic of South Sudan was one of many Sudanese successor states that formed after the colossal Sudanese Civil War that resulted in the complete destruction of the Sudanese government and the creation of several successor states. The country was a member of the Confederation of African Marxist Countries. It was bordered to the south by Ethiopia and to the north by East Sudan.

History

Pre-Doomsday

South Sudan had been the location of one of the longest and bloodiest civil wars in African history that had recently restarted in 1983. The civil war was the result of a desire of the Southern Sudanese people to become independent, and the rebellion was led by the Sudan People's Liberation Army, which was a Christian revolutionary group.

Doomsday

Sudan wasn't hit by nukes on doomsday but imports from other countries were completely cut off.

Post-Doomsday

Civil War (1983-1987)

Both Sudan and the SPLA had been fighting in the south of Sudan for over a month at the time of Doomsday and the civil war wasn't going to stop for something as superficial as a supply problem. The SPLA continued to fight against the government for the next four years before the collapse of the Sudanese government resulted in the whole country degenerating into chaos.

Breakdown Of Sudan (1987-1990)

The SPLA took the logical option and reformed itself as a Social Democratic government in the south of Sudan. During the three years between the breakdown of Sudan and the stabilization of the region the South Sudanese government had to fight off militia groups and some forces from Darfur as well as having minor border skirmishes with the Derg regime in Ethiopia. Regardless the years between 1987 and 1990 were primarily peaceful and allowed the SPLA to complete the transition into a stable government.

The SPLA transformed South Sudan into an industrialized nation using the countries ample natural resources to its benefit, they signed several trade agreements with the new PRE (People Republic Of Ethiopia) which mainly traded Sudanese oil for Ethiopian military equipment and some resources. This period of economic growth and success ended however with the Eritrean-Ethiopian war in which all Ethiopian resources were devoted to the military.

Rebuilding (1990-2004)

Being far from the border between the two countries South Sudan wasn't effected by the war and it enjoyed a period of Economic and Social reform for fifteen years which ended in the first elections and joining the Confederation Of African Marxist Countries. In this time the country developed farming to feed the country in the case of a famine and industry that would allow South Sudanese people to enjoy a comfortable standard of living. In 2004 the leader of the SPLP (Sudan Peoples Liberation Party) had run out of excuses for not calling an election and in 2004 he was replaced by Salva Kiir Mayardit.

The Confederation Of African Marxist Countries (2004-ongoing)

After taking charge in 2004 Salva Kiir Mayardit made it his priority to re-establish the links the country had once had with the PRE, with the discovery that Ethiopia and Eritrea had formed a political alliance. Mayardit negotiated South Sudan's entrance into the organization. Now South Sudan supplies oil and resources to both countries in exchange for military protection and equipment.

War with East Sudan (2009-2010)

The Republic Of East Sudan had been in several border disputes with South Sudan over who controlled the region of the Upper Nile, both sides wanted access to the rich natural resources in the area and South Sudanese forces were forcefully occupying the region to protect the resources there. Tensions continued to build between the two factions after East Sudanese forces took up positions on the border to protect their resources in the region. The East Sudanese forces weren't willing to commit themselves to a war until in 2009 they received backing from two other Sudanese successor states and moved in to occupy the area. SPLA forces tried valiantly to secure the area, but by mid 2009 they had been pushed back out of the upper Nile region, outgunned, outnumbered and without technological superiority. The SPLA called on its allies to help it retake the resource rich lands. In 2010 forces from several factions in the area are now fought for the resources that control of the Upper Nile grants but in late 2010 South Sudan annexed East Sudan and the two combined to form the Republic of Sudan.

Economy

South Sudan was highly industrialized and the primary producer of natural resources in eastern Africa, it acted as the industrial backbone of the Confederation Of African Marxist countries and supplied resources to Darfur as well. There were several industrial plants in south Sudan, which produced utilities for the South Sudanese people as well as two power plants that supplied power to most of the country as well as the northern area of Ethiopia.

Government

South Sudan was a stable Social Democracy. There were several parties in South Sudan, but the only one with a majority was the SPLP. Most of South Sudan's politicians belonged to that party and as such the country could be considered a single party democracy.

Travel

As it had one of the few remaining large oil deposits South Sudan was one of the few countries that still had cars on its roads. Because of the large oil deposits the country did not have to build the railways that are so predominant in most of the world and so the government had to spend less money on transport.

Education

The government managed to successfully implement education systems in South Sudan so unlike its partners in the CAMC (Confederation of African Marxist Countries) the country had high literacy rates. This was in part due to the introduction of English as the countries language, as language differences have caused part of the problem in Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Military

The country only had one armed force (The Army) consisting of the ex-volunteers from the SPLA and those who had been conscripted in. South Sudan had no armored forces or air force and relied on its partners in Ethiopia and Eritrea to provide those forces for it.

Media

There were two state run radio services in South Sudan as well as a TV station and two newspapers. One of the radio stations was dedicated to entertainment while the other provided news to the country. The TV station ran news programs and reruns of popular American TV programs from the 70's/80's.

Sport

Association Football was the predominant sport in South Sudan, some of the teams competed in the CAMC league while others competed in the national leagues. Cycling had also becoming slightly popular following its induction to the country by Ethiopia.

Foreign Relations

South Sudan had good relations with the other two CAMC members as well as the other nation states that were formed following Sudan's collapse.

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