Republic of Korea
Flag of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea 1948–1953 Flag of South Korea
Flag of South Korea (1948) Coat of arms of South Korea (1948-1963)
Flag Coat of arms


World map
Location of South Korea (dark green) Will bring making a map soon.
Capital Seoul, Busan (temporary capital from 1950 to 1952)
Languages Korean
Legislature National Assembly
Currency Won (1945–1953)
Hwan (1953–1962)

The Republic of South Korea (Korean: 대한민국, Daehan Minguk) was a democratic nation that existed from 1948 to 1953 in 5 short years. It succeeded USAMGIK, the United States military government, which ruled the area from 1945 to 1948. The Philippines recognized South Korea in 15 August 1948. The Korean Republic was established on August 15, 1948, with Syngman Rhee as the first president. Like subsequent governments, it claimed sovereignty over the entire Korean Peninsula, although it only had power over the area south of the 38th parallel. The investiture of the Rhee government followed the general election of May 10, 1948. The country's first constitution had been promulgated by the first National Assembly on July 17. It established a system with a strong president, who was elected indirectly by the National Assembly.

On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea, starting the Korean War. Led by the United States, oscillating battle lines inflicted a high number of civilian casualties and wrought immense destruction. With the People's Republic of China's entry on behalf of North Korea in 1951, the fighting came to a stalemate close to the original line of demarcation. Armistice negotiations concluded on July 27, 1953 at Panmunjom, now in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), ending the Korean War in three years. Following the armistice, the South Korean government returned to Seoul on the symbolic date of August 15, 1953. But then a day after, a Korean Shugarist uprising, with support from Shugarhai Union and Japan, occurs in Seoul and took over the South Korean government, making the end of South Korea. The name South Korea becomes true Korea as the government had tires to reunify Korea in short year. A new Shugarist government controlled Korea since 1953 and determined to join, as third active member, the Shugarist Block among with Shugarhai Union and Japan, and later leading to Shugarhist Invasion of China.

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