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- See also South American Confederation
South America is the southern continent of America, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
America was named in 1507 by cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the newly discovered lands were not India, but a New World unknown to Europeans.
South America has an area of 17,840,000 sq km (6,890,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. As of 2005, its population was estimated at more than 300,000,000. South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and third in population (after Asia and Africa).
South America, of all the areas in the world, weathered the Holocaust of 1983 better than any other area of the world. While there was a great deal of civil unrest, the anarchy and food shortages typical of the rest of the world were mostly absent. There were several reasons for the relative peacefulness in South America. The first reason is that no nuclear weapons were detonated over the continent. As such, it fared even better then Australia did, as that country received three ICBM's, each carrying one 100KT warheads at its three largest cities. The second reason was the fact that Brazil and Argentina were major food producers before the bombs fell. This enabled them to support both themselves and the rest of the continent after Doomsday. Finally, the presence of industrial facilities in South America enabled the various nations to produce the goods they needed to survive and later flourish.