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Republic of South Africa
Republiek van Suid-Afrika
iRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika
iRiphabliki yomZantsi Afrika
iRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
iRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika
Repabliki ya Afrika-Borwa
Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa
Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga
Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
Republiek Zuid-Afrika
Republik Südafrika

Timeline: Alternative 2014

OTL equivalent: Most of South Africa plus Lesotho and Swaziland
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000)
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of South Africa (Alternative 2014)
Location of South Africa

Ex Unitate Vires (Latin)

Anthem "National anthem of South Africa"
Capitals Cape Town
Language 11 languages
Northern Sotho
Southern Ndebele
Southern Sotho
Ethnic Groups
79.2% Black African
  others 8.9% Coloured
8.9% White
2.5% Indian or Asian
0.5% other
Demonym South African
Government Constitutional parliamentary republic
Independence from the United Kingdom
  declared 31 May 1910
Currency South African rand (ZAR)
Time Zone SAST (UTC+2)
Calling Code +27
Internet TLD .za
Organizations UN, African Union

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It has 2798 km (1739 mi) of coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north lie the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland; and within it lies Lesotho, an enclave surrounded by South African territory. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation.

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: English and Afrikaans, the latter originating from Dutch and serving as the first language of most white and coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fourth most-spoken first language.

About 80 percent of South Africans are of black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status.[9] The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian, and multiracial ancestry. All ethnic and linguistic groups have political representation in the country's constitutional democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. Since the end of apartheid, South Africa's unique multicultural character has become integral to its national identity, as signified by the Rainbow Nation concept.

South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, and is considered to be a newly industrialised country. Its economy is the largest and most developed in Africa, and the 28th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa, although poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day. Nevertheless, South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence.

Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa.

Administrative divisions

As a federal republic, South Africa is divided into seven provinces. These provinces are then divided into districts and statutory cities. Districts are subdivided into municipalities. Statutory Cities have the competencies otherwise granted to both districts and municipalities. The states are not mere administrative divisions but have some legislative authority distinct from the federal government, e.g. in matters of culture, social care, youth and nature protection, hunting, building, and zoning ordinances.

Provinces of South Africa (Alternative 2014)
State Capital Flag Coat of Arms
Cape Province Cape Town Cape Colony flag None
Orange Free State Bloemfontein Flag of the Orange Free State Coat of Arms of the Orange Free State
Transvaal Pretoria Flag of Transvaal Coat of Arms of the Transvaal
Natal Pietermaritzburg BlueEnsignNatal Natal Provincial Arms
Lesotho Maseru Flag of Lesotho Coat of arms of Lesotho (1966-2006)
Swaziland Lobamba/Mbabane Flag of Swaziland Coat of Arms of Swaziland
Walvis Bay Walvis Bay None None

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