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Alternate History

South Africa (1983: Doomsday)

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South Africa is a former country that was once one of the most diverse nations on the planet. Today, the area is divided between numerous states and union. The New Union of South Africa (NUSA), a loose confederation of states, has come the closest to re-establishing a South African Union between nations, while the African Economic Community - a movement led by New Britain has grown to become its rival.

DD South Africa Map 2015

History

Pre-Doomsday

South Africa was first settled by white colonists in the late 16th century. South Africa was concentrated around the Cape of Good Hope until Boers, Afrikaners of Dutch descent spread out across the southern Africa and set up two nations, Transvaal and the Orange Free State. In the 1880s, Britain attempted to seize the diamond mines of South Africa so they annexed Transvaal. And when they attempted to take the Orange Free State which was met by resistance. By the end of the 1st Boer War, it had ended with the freeing of Transvaal. From 1899-1902 Britain and the Boers fought the Second Boer War. This conflict was more controversial as it was Britain fighting against white Europeans and not black savages.

By 1902 the Boers had surrendered and in 1910 Britain led the foundation of the Union of South Africa with the former Boer leader Louis Botha being elected the first president. By the time of WWI in 1914 it was Botha and his war minister Jan Smuts decision to take South Africa to war in support of Britain. South African troops invaded the German colony of Southwest Africa. The colony was quickly overrun and Botha annexed it into the union. South African troops also fought elsewhere like against Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck's troops in German East Africa. South African cavalry was used against rebels in Libya and Egypt in early 1916, and the remainder of South Africa's army was sent to the Western Front. After WWI Prime Minister Botha died in 1919 and Jan Smuts became Prime Minister until 1924.

In 1931 the Union was fully sovereign from the British Empire with the Westminster Act. However other events were occurring in the world. Japan was invading China and Germany was on the rise in Europe.

In 1939, Jan Smuts took South Africa into WWII. South African forces would mainly be used in Africa and for training purposes due to the Unions bias towards white population, most of these soldiers came from the Afrikaner region of Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. South African forces would be used in East and North Africa in varied numbers since the white population was about 3 million, the majority of these were Afrikaners. South African troops also did fight a bit in the Italian campaign but after North Africa, were hardly used.

Post-WWII is seen as the beginning of the end of South Africa. In 1948, Smuts' South African Party was defeated by the Afrikaner National Party. The Nationals had won by 1% more and got the popular vote. Dr. Francois Malan came into office as another Prime Minister of South Africa. Here the Afrikaners, finally in power, executed their new series of laws. Apartheid. Apartheid or the Afrikaans word for apartness, was the division between black and white in South Africa and gave the white minority, total control.

Post-Doomsday

While not directly attacked, the climate changes and other damage done to the Earth by Doomsday had a horrible effect on South Africa. Meanwhile, the lost foreign trade also caused the South African economy to collapse. The resulting refugees begin organizing into militias to secure control of the area using harsh forms of punishment to maintain order. Despite martial law being declared in 1985, rioting ran rampant and the government was forced to abandon several cities to anarchy. As it becomes apparent that the white minority was shunting food and fuel rations to primarily whites, black South Africans exploded into open rebellion.

Meanwhile, a convoy of ships had been organized for Europe to save as many people as they could from the United Kingdom.

In 1986, the few people evacuated from Britain by the RAF and Navy gathered around Port Elizabeth after the city was secured by remnants of the British military. The refugees founded the new Anglo-African state of New Britain after promising elements of the ANC working with them that they would have equal representation in the new state. Prince Andrew was transported by the Royal Navy and crowned King in Port Elizabeth. Many headed for New Britain but others tried other places in the area.

This led many of the new refugees to go seek other nations where they could set up their homes. Many of the refugees headed to what is now German South West Africa, while others headed to other countries like the Orange Free State. But by the mid-1990s, many began to stay in New Britain and emigration from the country into others parts of South Africa dropped significantly.

In 2004 negotiations between the Republic of the Cape, German South West Africa, Volkstaat, and Waterboersland had succeeded in creating the New Union of South Africa that united the nations into one political entity, internationally. However, things did not go well between the Republic of the Cape and the rest of the Union, leading to many heated arguments and political tensions between the leaders of the member states.

However, in 2006, a joint ANZC and SAC military force occupied Cape Town in order to depose the horrifying warlord regime that ruled the city. A new RZA Provisional Government was set up but was only able to secure a small region around Capetown with the support of a small joint SAC/ANZC garrison. Still, the mission was the first multinational peacekeeping mission to occur since Doomsday. Gradually, however, the RZA is expanding into the de facto lawless warlord-ruled territory inland.

The Republic of the Cape, although now not an official member, was considered a relapsed member of NUSA. However, the RZA have shown minimal intention of re-joining NUSA and continued to work with New Britain more closely than it ever with with the New Union. This gave a clear message to the other member states of NUSA that it would be fruitless to attempt to ask the RZA to rejoin.

Fearing correctly that they had united all of former South Africa against them due to their aggressive policies, in 2009, New Britain proposed the “African Economic Community” in an effort to unite the economies of all the states in the region. Initually, however, only the RZA and KwaXhosa became members.

The Orange Free State worked closely with the New Union since the formation of the entity, but remained heavily wary of joining. This is mainly seen by critics due to the softer policies of the member states of NUSA on the issues of apartheid. In the Orange Free State, apartheid still is enforced but it has all but disappeared in the Union of South Africa as survival forced the white and black populace to work more closely with each other. Imports of medicine and a focus to restart local medicinal research industries have allowed for infant mortality rates to drop, yet there remains a sifgnificant lack in skill and resources.

In early 2012, talks began about implementing an official currency to ease the transaction problems of the member states. After heavy discussions, it was decided that the plan to make a new currency would, indeed, go ahead. The name given to the new currency was the Union Rand. It would be used alongside many of the "regional" currencies in the member nations.

Growing prominence of KwaZulu within the NUSA, mainly due to its large population base, lead to the smaller, more multicultural nations to feel sidelined in an organisation of their creation. Volkstaat was the first which began to distance itself from NUSA, eventually becoming an observer member within the African Economic Community in 2014. This was subsequently followed by Waterboersland and German South West Africa joining the AEC as observer members. It was clear the New Union was fated for dissolution and on 26 September 2014, a decade after its establishment, the New Union ceased to be. Volkstaat joined the AEC as a full member a month later.

As a result, the AEC has grown in prominence. Using much of the same regulations and laws as the former European Economic Community, a nominal customs union was established between all member states sharing a border (it was not possible to establish one with Botswana due to the large chaos in large parts of Southern Botswana). However, the economic realities in the region have meant there has not been a great movement of people in the region - at most specialists from New Britain have taken residence in Waterboersland and Volkstaat to aid agricultural and small iundustrial efforts. 

Successor States

The area which was former South Africa has broken down into multiple successor states. Two rival economic blocks once competed in the region, but with the dissolution of the New Union of South Africa, the African Economic Community is the main economic bloc present. As a result, states such as KwaZulu and Lesotho have fall under its orbit.

African Economic Community

The African Economic Community was formed after the creation of the New Union of South Africa, when New Britain had felt that the states in the area had united against it. It originally consisted of four members, but since 2014 has grown to ecompass seven nations within the region. These nations, apart from Botswana due to location constraints, are in a customs union, sharing economic policies. The aim is to unite all of the economies of the region into one to allow for easier and smoother trading.

Capital: Port Elizabeth
Capital: Bisho
Capital: Cape Town
Capital: Francistown
Capital: Walwis Bay (German: Neu Berlin)
Capital: Springbok
Capital: Griqua Town (Afrikaans: Griekwastad)

Former

Capital: Cape Town

New Union of South Africa

The New Union of South Africa was formed from much of the remnant states in the area to better their prospects of economic development and survival. At its peak, it has five members in union and a united currency. It made moves to form a united military command to look out for its united interests, and made some progress on the front. It was, however, hindered by the lack of a border between the western and eastern states present within the union. The following states comprised the former union:

During Dissolution

Capital: Walwis Bay (German: Neu Berlin)
Capital: Springbok
Capital: Griqua Town (Afrikaans: Griekwastad)
Capital: Ulundi
Capital: Maseru

Former

Capital: Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad)

NUSA ceased to exist as an entity following its dissolution on 26 September 2014. Differing political outlooks and significant differences in demographics meant the nations' efforts for integration were being viewed as somewhat unfavourably by member nations. Following its dissolution, the western nations of NUSA all proceeded to join the AEC, and the nations of KwaZulu and Lesotho have also been caught in the economic orbit of the sole economic bloc in the region.

Azanian League

The Azanian League is Oer's domain.

See also

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