Alternate History

Somaliland Independence

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What happens if some UN members recognize Somaliland?

This Althistory is the answer of that question.

In 1991, Somaliland declares independence from Somalia, the USA (that is in Somalia in that year) recognizes the independence. Next to the USA 13 more states recognize Somaliland:

States that recognized Somaliland in 1991:

  • USA
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Spain
  • Portugal
  • Ethiopia
  • South Africa
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Italy
  • Greece
  • Japan
  • Mexico

But Somalia doesn't recognize the independence and declares war on Somaliland (1993 - 1995)

Some countries help Somalia:

  • Sudan
  • Iran
  • Eritrea
  • Djibouti
  • Congo

A war happened.

Somaliland War of Independence


Independence of Somaliland (1991) and Somalian tension (1991 - 1992)

Somaliland War of Independence
2011Somaliamap 329 1

1993 (de facto) \ 1992 (de jure)


1995 (Somalia Surrender) \ 1996 (Enter of Somaliland in UN)


Africa´s Horn


The Somalian side Loses

Major battles:

Battle of Laascaanood (Only Somalian victory). Battle of Gaalkacyo (Beginning of the Somali loss of power). Battle of Mogadishu (The Somalian surrender)


Flag of Somaliland Somaliland

Flag of Europe European states that recognized Somaliland before the war

Flag of Russia Russia

Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia

Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa

Flag of Queensland Australia

Flag of Brazil Brazil

Flag of Canada Canada

Flag of Mexico Mexico

Flag of Japan Japan

Flag of Puntland Puntland revoltistis

Flag of Sudan Sudan

Flag of Iran Iran

Flag of Eritrea Eritrea

Flag of Djibouti Djibout

Flag of the Republic of the Congo Congo

Flag of Somalia Somalia


Presidents and Generals

Presidents and Generals


Very Strong from the Battle of Gaalkacyo

Strong until the Battle of Gaalkacyo

Casualties and Losses

12 000 000

40 000 000

Somalia declares war on Somaliland and the supporters of Somaliland land in Berbera. The supporters of Somalia give weapons and money to Somalia.

The war is very intense and many people die.

In the end, Somalia surrenders and recognizes Somaliland - same with the supporters of Somalia. (1995)

In 1996, UN accepts the entry of Somaliland into the organization and it's recognized by all the states and observers of the UN. (Vatican and Palestine).

The UN makes sanctions on Somalia and supporters until 1998.

States that recognized Somaliland in 1995

  • The same states of 1991
  • Monaco (1993)
  • Germany (1993)
  • Belgium (1993)
  • Sweden (1993)
  • Russia (1993)
  • Ukraine (1994)
  • Finland (1994)
  • Yugoslavia (1994)
  • Somalia (1995)
  • Sudan (1995)
  • Iran (1995)
  • Eritrea (1995)
  • Djibouti [Ethiopia] (1995)
  • Congo (1995)
  • Puntland (1995)

Treaties next to Somaliland War of Independence

Darfur, South Sudan and the others UN states recognizes Somaliland in 1996.

States that don´t recognize Somaliland, Puntland, Darfur and South Sudan

  • North Korea (until 2009)
  • Vietnam (until 1999)
  • Venezuela (until 2011)
  • Trinidad and Tobago (until 1998)
  • Cuba (until 1999)

Map of the World in 1995

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