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Somaliland, officially the Republic of Somaliland (Arabic: جمهورية أرض الصومال/Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmāliland) is a nation located in the Horn of Africa. It shares its only land border with Ethiopia to the south and west and also shares maritime borders with Oman to the north and northwest. It was these maritime borders over which the nation went to war with Oman in 1970-71, the conflict known as the Mandeb War.
The bulk of the nation was mainly a British protectorate from 1884 to 1957, known as British Somaliland. The nation achieved its' independence from Britain in April 1957, and suffered moderate internal instability until the mid-1980s. In 1962, France sold their Afar territory to the nation, enlarging Somaliland to its current borders and unknowingly creating the tensions that would trigger the Mandeb War eight years later.