|— State of the Danubian Federation —|
|Motto: Slobodní a rovní navždy (Free and equal forever)|
|Anthem: Nad Tatrou sa blýska|
|- Type||Presidential republic|
|- President||Aurel Sykora (Radical Union)|
|Population (1868; adult males only)||602,630|
|- Estimate (1868; all)||2,410,000|
Slovakia is one of the newer states of the Danubian Federation.
Despite a number of uprisings across the state in 1848 in favor of freedom from Hapbsburg and Hungarian domination, when the Federation was formed Slovakia was incorporated into Hungary rather than being granted statehood due to their historic ties and geographic proximity. As a result, the movement for statehood became the most important part of the Slovak political agenda. This movement was led by the firebrand nationalist Aurel Sykora, who agitated for full and unconditional statehood while Hungarian leaders attempted to settle for increased minority rights. Eventually, the dubious compromise of a referendum on statehood was reached.
The referendum, held in 1854, would touch off a political crisis across the Federation. Though its results were contested by both sides, it showed a slim majority in favor of statehood. When Hungarian President Laszlo Nagy attempted to enforce the results of the referendum, he was shot by a mob of nationalists, who subsequently took power and annulled the referendum, refusing to enforce it. In response, Sykora called for the formation of a Slovak National Assembly to move forward on statehood unilaterally. The Assembly was quickly declared illegal, and warrants were issued for the arrests of its members, even though it never actually met. Sykora himself fled into Austria, where the state government was supportive, and as a result came into conflict with the federal government.
As the crisis escalated with the execution of the would-be Assembly members Mlynár, Bača, Bača and Mečiar, riots erupted in both Slovakia and Hungary. Led by Count Gyula Bethlen, the increasingly reactionary and nationalistic Hungarian parliament, whose legitimacy was unrecognized by many in the wake of President Nagy's death, voted to declare Hungary's independence from the Federation. In response, Slovak nationalists led by Sykora (from Austrian custody in Linz jail) issued a Declaration of Loyalty declaring that they would remain with the Federation as a state. Meanwhile, General Edvard Masaryk declared a coup when he was ordered to fire on rioters in Bratislava. Slovakia initially backed sitting President Ion Codrinaru when he pardoned Sykora and supported their efforts, though leaders switched to neutrality when it became clear that Codrinaru was losing. Nonetheless, the National Emergency Committee that took power continued to support Slovak statehood. The Provisional Assembly issued a state charter, and the State of Slovakia was admitted into the Federation in 1855, with Aurel Sykora as its first President.
Slovakia is one of the most left-wing states in the Federation, reliably voting for leftist parties and supporting liberal causes such as republicanism. Currently, its President, Aurel Sykora, and the bulk of its representatives in Congress are members of the National Reform Union.
Slovakia is divided into six districts: Banska Bystrica, Bratislava, Kosice, Nitra, Roznava, and Trencin.