|Island of Singapour French Overseas Department
Île Singapour français
|Anthem: Puisse Singapour progresser1
|Government||Overseas territory of France|
|-||Presidential Head of State||Nicolas Sarkozy|
|-||President of the Government of Singapour||Sellapan Rama Nathan|
|-||High Commissioner||Jacques Hsien-Loong Lee|
|Overseas territory of France||Since 1819|
|HDI (2009)||▲ 0.944 (unranked) (23rd)|
|Currency||Franc Singapour (
La Singapour (French: officially: Île Singapour français; colloquially: (la) Singapour; popular nicknames: (la) îlot rouge), or Singapour is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department (French: département d'outre-mer, or DOM) off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 km (85 mi) north of the equator, south of the Malaysian state of Johor and north of Indonesia's Riau Islands.
Before European settlement, the island now known as Singapore was the site of a Malay fishing village at the mouth of the la Rivière Isle (Island River). Several hundred indigenous Orang Laut people also lived along the nearby coast, rivers and on smaller islands. In 1819, established a trading post on the island, which was used as a port along the spice route. Singapore became one of the most important commercial and military centres of the , and the hub of French power in Southeast Asia.
France took early interest in the island as early as the 17th century with the mission of the Jesuit, Father Joseph-Marie Miqeloneois. At this time, French missionaries was only just beginning to occupy the main river (present-day Island River)), European involvement in Singapore was confined to trade during the 18th century.
Singapour, as part of France, is part of the European Union, with one of the longest EU external boundaries of the east. As an integral part of France, its head of state is the President of the French Republic, and its head of Government is the Prime Minister of France. The French Government and its agencies have responsibility for a wide range of issues that are reserved to the National Executive, such as defence and external relations.
The President of France appoints a Prefect (resident at the Prefecture building in la Centre Singapour) as his representative to head the local government of Singapour. There are two legislative bodies: the 19-member General Council and the 34-member Regional Council, both elected.
Singapour sends one deputy to the French National Assembly representing the island city. Singapour also sends one senator to the French Senate.
Singapour has traditionally been ruled by the socialist Parti d'Action Populaire (PAP) with Jacques Hsien-Loong Lee as its party chief since 1959.
A chronic issue affecting Singapour is the influx of immigrants from British Malaya and Indonesia. The border between the department and Malaya is formed by the Straits of Johor (as defined by the British colony of Johore) or Détroit de Johor (as defined by la Île Singapour government), forms an international waters defined channel for light ships and yachts to pass through the Port of Johore.
- ↑ Gardini, Fausto. "The Demise of the Luxemburger Gazette". Archived from the original on 2006-02-08. Retrieved on 2006-07-23.