The Sinai Canal, also referred to as the Suez Canal, is a major shipping canal located in Egypt, which connects the eastern Mediterranean to the Gulf of Suez, and separates the Sinai Peninsula from Africa. The canal was constructed jointly between the Kingdom of Egypt and the French Empire from 1857 to 1866, regarded as one of the great construction projects of its era. With the completion of the canal and the boom in commercial shipping along it, the canal helped Egypt flourish as an independent Arab power in the late 19th and early 20th century, up until the explusion of the French in 1915 and the ensuing Sinai War. Today, the Sinai Canal is one of the busiest commercial waterways in the world.

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