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Kingdom of Sicily
Regnum Sicilae
Regnu di Sicilia
Timeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Kingdom of Sicily
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4 Kingdom of Sicily
1130 - 1282; 1484 - Present
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg
Sicily1500.png
Sicily, in lime green, c. 1500
Capital
(and city)
Naples
Other cities Bari, Palermo, Syracuse
Official languages Latin, Italian
Ethnic groups (1730) Neapolitan, Sicilian, Arab, Jewish
Religion Roman Catholicism
Demonym Sicilian, Neapolitan
Government Feudal Elective Monarchy
 -  Prince-General Afonso de Braganza
Legislature Council of Sicily
History
 -  Establishment 1130 
 -  Sicilian Vespers 1282 
 -  War of Independence 1482 - 84 
Population
 -  1660 estimate 6,500,000 
Currency Sicilian piastra
Patron saint Saint Januarius

The Kingdom of Sicily (NeapolitanRegno 'e Sicilia, SicilianRegnu di Sicilia), which comprises of the southern part of the Italian Peninsula, as well as the island of Sicily, is a feudal elective monarchy.

It is the re-established monarchy of the thirteenth-century Kingdom of Sicily. The original monarchy was effectively ended after the island of Sicily seceded from the country after the Vespers of 1282. Under a personal union with Milan starting in the mid-fifteenth century, Sicily was recovered. In 1482 - 1484, Naples and Sicily waged a successful independence war and re-established the Kingdom of Sicily.

The ruler elected by the Council of Sicily is known as the Prince-General.

History

Before 1400

For early history about the Kingdom of Naples see this article: Kingdom of Naples

1400 to 1500

In the early 15th century, King Ladislaus largely had to deal with quelling the last of the rebellions in favor of Louis II, the former pretender king. Once that ended with the executions of Onorato Caetani, the count of Fondi and the last rebellions in Apulia and Abruzzo being crushed, Naples largely attempted to rebuild itself by improving its damaged infrastructure and expanding it across the barren countryside.

The nation has once again gone to war against Venice after it unlawfully demanded a Neapolitan vassal's territory as a part of a separate peace deal with Genoa.

From 1454 to 1484, Naples continued to be the junior partner in the Italian union, being the subject of an increasingly powerful country. However, starting in the late 1460s, Italy had engendered massive conflict in Europe and was suffering greatly. Austria, Bulgaria, and Spain, as well as many other European powers, warred on Italy and Naples. By 1482, Naples had erupted in revolt due to protracted war and economic ruin. Within a few years, the Italian authority was overthrown and a Sicilian noble was elected to the throne. Sicily transformed into an elective monarchy known as the Regency-Generalship.

1500 to 1600

In 1571, Philip I of House Valois was elected by the Noble Council as Prince-General of the Kingdom of Sicily.

1700s

Italian Crisis (1729-present)

Following a diplomatic incident in 1729 involving the Sicilian Prince-General's visit to Venice, tensions flared between Sicily and the Italian League, which eventually led to a polarization of Italian, and European, geopolitics. The European nations began taking sides over who to support on the peninsula, with Belka (a Belkan envoy famously shouting: "LEAVE THE [Italian] LEAGUE ALONE!"), Poland, Britain, and Russia supporting the League, and Iberia, the Papal States, and (secretly) Austria supporting Sicily. Even the Sultanate of the Maghreb has attempted to support the Italian League, and France and Savoy have received offers to support Sicily. Both parties have agreed to a mediation by the Papal States, yet tensions could flare again, and war could break out in the new "powderkeg of Europe"...

Politics

  • Duke of Puglia - Pietro Adragna
    • Count of Bari - Pietro Adragna
    • Count of Taranto - Alarico
    • Count of Brindisi - Veletchkov
    • Count of Lecce -
    • Count of Barletta -
  • Duke of Basilicata - Giancarlo Fisichella
    • Count of Potenza -
    • Count of Matera - d'Antoing
  • Duke of Calabria - Giovannia Telesio
    • Count of Catanzaro - Trastamara
    • Count of Crotone - Miossi
    • Count of Cosenza - Bernardino Telesio
    • Count of Vibo Valentia -
    • Count of Reggio Calabria - Trastamara
  • Duke of Campania - Gennaro Carlo Orsini
    • Count of Salerno - Lorenzo Ciano
    • Count of Buccino - Martello
    • Baron of Sapri - Visconti-Este
  • Duke of Sicily - King Alessandro II
    • Count of Palermo - King Alessandro II
    • Count of Trapani - King Alessandro II
      • Baron of Altavilla Salina - Domenico Adragna
    • Count of Agrigento -
    • Count of Caltanissetta - Miossi
    • Count of Enna -
    • Count of Messina - Miossi
    • Count of Catania - Visconti-Este
    • Count of Syracuse -
    • Count of Ragusa -

House of Orsini

House of Orsini - Gravina Line

  • Carlo Orsini - Count of Bracciano
    • Francesco Orsini (d. 1456) - Duke of Gravina, Count of Gravina
      • Marino Orsini (d. 1471)
      • Giacomo Orsini (d. 1472) - Duke of Gravina
        • Raimondo Orsini (1444 - 1488) - Duke of Gravina
        • Francesco Orsini (1446 - 1503) - Duke of Gravina
          • Ferdinandio Orsini (1470 - 1539) - Duke of Gravina
            • Michele Antonio Orsini (1500 - 1571) - Duke of Gravina
            • Maria Anna Orsini (1501 - 1583)
            • Leopoldo Orsini (1505 - 1540)
              • Maria Theresa (1529 - 1570)
              • Pietro Francesco Orsini (1531 - 1598) - Duke of Gravina
                • Domenico I Orsini (1562 - 1629) - Duke of Gravina
                  • Filippo Bernualdo Orsini (1590 - 1671) - Duke of Gravina
                    • Domenico II Orsini (1624 - 1701) - Duke of Gravina
                  • Maria Christina (1593 - 1680)
        • Paolo Orsini (1450 - 1503)
          • Domenico Orsini (1470 - 1521)
      • Giovanni Battista Orsini (d. 1476) - Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes


  • Domenico II Orsini (1624 - 1701) - Duke of Gravina
    • Virginio Orsini (1645 - 1712) - Duke of Gravina, Duke of Calabria
      -Maria Amelia di Valois-Calabria (1640 - 1701)
      • Charles V Orsini (1671) - Prince General of Sicily (1738 - 1740), Duke of Calabria (-1740), Duke of Gravina (-1740)
        • Francesco Orsini (1698 - 1740) - Duke of Calabria
          • Maria Anna Orsini (1717) - Lorenzo Ciano (1715) - Count of Salerno (1750)
            • Domenico Ciano (1741)
            • Maria Gabriella Ciano (1744)
            • Joanna Ciano (1747)
            • Niccolo Ciano (1748)
            • Maria Isabella Ciano (1750)
            • Paolo Ciano (1752)
        • Matteo II Orsini (1702 - 1751) - King of Sicily (1740), Duke of Calabria (1740)
          • Maria Isabella (1721) - Giovanni Telesio (1712) - Duke of Calabria (1751), Count of Cosenza (1702 - 1742)
      • Maria Amelia (1725)
    • Maria Cristina Teresa Orsini (1704)
    • Gennaro Carlo Orsini (1705) - Duke of Gravina (1740), Duke of Campania (1750)
      • Carlo Francesco Orsini (1727)
      • Maria Christina (1730)
    • Leopoldo Orsini (1708)

Military

60,000 men in the army (figure needs to be updated)

TBD ships in the navy

Economy

Foreign Relations

Due to the elective nature of Sicilian governance, close relations with other nations have been known to vary depending upon the ruling Prince-General. As of 1728, the foreign relations of Sicily are as follows: 

Colonies

  • San Gennaro - Settled in 1661
  • Santa Croce - Acquired in 1663 from Iberia

Allies

Good

  • France
  • Cyprus
  • Iberia
  • Papal States
  • Austria

Neutral

  • Savoy

Icy

  • Belka

Hostile

  • Italian League


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