The Republic of Italy is one of two successor states to the Italian Kingdom formed by Garibaldi in the 1860's. It was formed as a council of Union leaders who sought to impose Francoist rule on Italy in the face of the Failure of Benito Mussolini to retain control of the strikes and the unions. It nearly succeeded in establishing a republic across the whole of Italy in the 1960's but was foiled by the NSA and Germany.
Since the fall of the Francoist regime in Spain it is the last state in the world that follows Francoist ideals although ironically it has undergone a move towards democracy since the 1990's when Republican troops seized Rome and used the city as a rallying point to install a democratic system. It is now a member of the NSA and a strong ally of its former enemies who see it as a useful tool to keep the Papist northern Italians in check.