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Siam (1879: Agreement)

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Kingdom of Siam
อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์
Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: Thailand
State Flag of Thailand (1916) Garuda Emblem of Thailand
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Bangkok
Largest city Bangkok
Other cities Chiang Mai, Phuket, Surat Thani, Sattahip
Language
  official
 
Thai
  others Isan, Teochew, Yawi
Religion
  main
 
Buddhism
  others Islamism
Government Constitutional monarchy
King Bhumibol Adulyadej
  Royal house: Chakri
Prime-Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Area 513,120 km²
Population 41,000,000 
Established 1782
Currency Bhat
Siam (Thai: อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์) is a country that lies in the heart of Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Siam and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Siam to the southeast and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

The country is a kingdom, a constitutional monarchy with King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the ninth king of the House of Chakri, who has reigned since 1946, making him the world's longest-serving current head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history. The king is officially titled Head of State, the Head of the Armed Forces, an Upholder of the Buddhist religion, and the Defender of all Faiths. The largest city in Siam is Bangkok, the capital, which is also the country's center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities.

About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is ethnically Malay; the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. There are approximately 2.2 million legal and illegal migrants in Thailand.Thailand has also attracted a number of expatriates from developed countries. The country's official language is Thai. Its primary religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of all Thais.

Siam experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995 and is a newly industrialized country with tourism, due to well-known tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Chiang Mai and Ko Samui, and exports contributing significantly to the economy.

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