Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu (Russian: Серге́й Кужуге́тович Шойгу́, Tyvan: Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу; born May 21, 1955) is a Soviet politician who served as the third President of the Soviet Union from 2002-2007. Shoygu was appointed the head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in 1991, making Shoygu a government minister. He became extremely popular with his hands-on management style and high visibility during emergency situations. In 1997 he became a founder of the right-wing Democratic Party. In 1999, he was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union.
With the 2002 presidential elections coming up, Shoygu announced his intention to seek the Democratic Party's nomination for the presidency of the Soviet Union. For the entirety of the primaries, Shoygu was the front runner for the party's nomination, which he won. Shoygu campaigned on a platform of Slava i Protsvetaniye ("glory and prosperity") which would focus on reestablishing the Soviet Union's role on the world stage as well as the further privatization of the Soviet economy, and Svyatilishche ("sanctuary"), which would increase security within the Soviet Union (mostly due to the recent terrorist attacks on New York City). Because of his handling of emergencies, such as floods, earthquakes and acts of terrorism, as well as being awarded the highest honor in the Soviet Union, Shoygu easily took the election, becoming the first leader of the USSR born after the Second World War.
For the most part, Shoygu legislative proposals were fairly popular and easily went through the Soviet of the Republics and the Soviet of the Union (mostly because the Democratic Party held a majority in both houses). The Soviet Union began to trade with China and the United States more, and the Soviet Union became the second largest economy in the world (surpassing Japan in 2004). Because of these achievements, many people thought that Shoygu would easily win his reelection bid in 2007. However, evidence started to emerge that he had played a part in the Anichkov Scandal. In an attempt to fix his precarious position, Shoygu fired Prime Minister Vladimir Zhirinovsky (who played a large role in the scandal). Despite intense public distaste for Shoygu, the 2007 presidential election would be less of a landslide and more of a narrow victory for the Unionist Party and their nominee Grigory Yavlinsky.
Following his defeat in the presidential elections, Shoygu returned to his home republic of Tuva. Despite this, Shoygu has remained quite active in politics, often campaigning for Democratic candidates across various Republics in the Soviet Union.