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Alternate History

Second Sino-Japanese War (Split)

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Concurrent:

German War

Second Sino-Japanese War
Beginning:

1931/July 7 1937

End:

April 18, 1938

Place:

China, Manchuria

Outcome:

Japanese victory, Split of China

Major battles:

Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Battle at Shandong

Combatants

Flag of Japan Empire of Japan

Flag of the Republic of ChinaRepublic of China

Commanders

Flag of the Japanese Emperor Hirohito
War flag of the Imperial Japanese ArmyHideki Tōjō
Flag of Japan Fumimaro Konoe
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Prince Kan'in Kotohito
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Iwane Matsui
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Hajime Sugiyama
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Shunroku Hata
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Toshizō Nishio
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Yasuji Okamura
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Yoshijirō Umezu

Flag of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek
Republic of China Army Flag Chen Cheng
Flag of the Republic of China Yen Hsi-shan
Republic of China Army Flag Feng Yuxiang
Republic of China Army Flag Li Zongren
Republic of China Army Flag Xue Yue
Republic of China Army Flag Bai Chongxi
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party Peng Dehuai
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party Zhu De

Strength

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Casualties and Losses

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The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 to April 18, 1938) was a war in Asia. It was fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. Although the two countries had fought intermittently since 1931, full-scale war started in earnest in 1937 and ended with the surrender of China in 1938. The war was the result of a decades-long Japanese imperialist policy aiming to dominate China politically and militarily to secure its vast raw material reserves and other resources. At the same time, the rising tide of Chinese nationalism and notions of self determination stoked the coals of war. Before 1937, China and Japan fought in small, localized engagements in so-called "incidents". Yet the two sides, for a variety of reasons, refrained from fighting a total war. The 1931 invasion of Manchuria by Imperial Japan's Kwangtung Army is known as the "Mukden Incident". The last of these incidents was the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 1937, marking the beginning of full scale war between the two countries.

End of War

On April 16, 1938, a massive assault by the Japanese forces attacked the Chinese at Shandong, losing almost all their forces. With only pockets of resistance left, China surrendered on the 18th. China was then split up into many states of Japanese influence.

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