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Catherine II Grigory Potemkin Alexander Suvorov Pyotr Rumyantsev Nicholas Repnin Fyodor Ushakov Joseph II Ernst Gideon von Laudon
Selim III Koca Yusuf Pasha Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha Hussein Pasha
100,000 - 200,000
Casualties and Losses
The Second Russo-Turkish War was a conflict involving the Russian and Austrian Empires against the Ottomans. The war began in 1787 in an attempt by the Ottomans to reclaim lost territory that was taken thirteen years earlier in the First Russo-Turkish War.
In 1783 Russia officially annexed the Crimean Khanate, furiously angering the Ottomans who believed this to be an infringement of the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca. The Russians refused all demands from the Sultan to stand down, backed by their Austrian allies.
In the early months of the war the Ottomans quickly advanced, overrunning the Austrian border. By one year into the war the Ottomans had managed to hold off the Austrians, creating a bloody stalemate in Banat. In the early months of 1789 the Russian forces under Pyotr Rumyantsev made the next move, swiftly securing the fortress defenses still under Ottoman control along the Black Sea and in Moldavia.
On 15 September, 1789 Feldmarschall Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon of Austria besieged an Ottoman Turkish force in the fortress of Belgrade. In less than one month the garrison in Belgrade surrendered, pushing the Ottomans out of Serbia.
In 1791 the Ottomans launched an offensive into the Balkans to stop the hastely advancing Austrian army, culminating in the Battle of Demirköy. The larger Austrian-Russian army, plagued by disease and lack of supplies are forced to retreat, ending their prospects in the Balkans.
On 5 November the Russo-Turkish War officially ends. The region of Yedisan and Bessarabia is ceded to Russia. Parts of southern Serbia and Bosnia are returned to the Ottoman Empire.