Second Roman-Genoese War
Principia Moderni III
220px-Siege constantinople bnf fr2691
Roman forces seizing the Genoese colony of Galata
Date 1407-1408
Location Eastern Mediterranean
Result Romans gain control of Galata and Famagusta
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century Roman Empire
  • Shield of the Latin Empire of Constantinople Latin Mercenaries
Flag of Genoa Republic of Genoa

The Second Roman-Genoese War was a war that happened after the downfall of the Most Serene Republic of Genoa in Italy to the forces of Savoy and Venice over many different trade disputes and theological controversies, namely the appearance of Anti-pope Sergio in Genoa. Taking advantage of the situation, Roman forces advanced upon Genoese held cities that by circumstance were not taken by Venetian or Savoyard forces. As a result, Roman forces besieged and occupied Galata and Famagusta and also captured several Genoese ships. 

The war, while relatively minor compared to some of the other wars currently raging in Europe at the time, had considerable significance for the Roman state. The two cities of Galata and Famagusta provided a considerable new influx of wealth that the Imperial government could access, marking a turning point in Rome's economy. It was also the first step in which Rome began to wean itself from reliance on the Italian states for its trading and economy, a process that would continue until its culmination in the Venetian War at the end of the century. 

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