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The Spanish forces enjoyed early success, due to German and Italian military support thereby gaining access to the new military technology. In addition, the Spaniards adopted Nazi German blitzkrieg war tactics and created their own lightning-war formations known as "Toros Relámpagos", literally meaning "lightning bull" in Spanish.
The Spaniards were initially successful in their offensives against the Northern Command and Eastern Command of the Royal Andalusian Forces. They experienced mild to fair successes against the Central Command. however the Spanish invasion deteriorated once the Spaniards fought against the Andalusian Southern Command, or the Alpjuarras Command, as well as suffering from mutinies from Spanish officers and soldiered angered by Francisco Franco's handling of the invasion. Since Adolf Hitler had Sultan Omar II received American aid after the Allies successfully stormed Normany and liberated France and amid invading Spain, allowing the Andalusians to par with the Spaniards.
In the 1930s, the Kingdom of Spain and Kingdom of Andalusia underwent civil wars. Francisco Franco gained notoriety and siezed power in Spain, overthrowing the Spanish monarch and establishing himself as the "Caudillo" or Supreme Leader of Spain, akin to "Fuhrer" Adolf Hitler and "Duce" Benito Mussolini.
Sultan Omar II paid close attention to Francisco Franco's rise to power, and felt deeply worried at the alarming rate of influence he was spreading in Spain, and even Portugal. Franco eventually began to influence some of Andalusia's people, who formed underground socialist organizations in an attempt to overthrow the sultan.
However, Franco and Hitler both sent the Andalusian Monarchy a letter, translated in Arabic, Spanish, German and Italian, that they would not target Andalusia. While Adolf Hitler had stayed true to his promise, Francisco Franco was actually secretly planning to invade Andalusia, and use the alliance with Hitler's military power in Nazi Germany to supply the invasion.
The Royal Army Scouts reported socialist activity, taking place in Al-Qurtubah, Al-Ishbiliya and the Al-Malaqah. The Royal Andalusian Forces would then flush out and arrest socialists in the kingdom.
In addition, the sultan hired a prominent Jewish military leader and rabbi by the name of Alberto ibn Maymun of the Recruitment Divisions of the Royal Andalusian Forces to spearhead the propaganda movement, encouraging young Andalusians to serve in the armed forces and join the fight against the socialists. As a result, many more Andalusians were joining the armed forces, nearly tripling the size of the kingdom's army.
At this point, Andalusia had the largest armed forces in the Iberian Peninsula, dwarfing the size of Spain and Portugal's armed forces.
Course of the War
In January of 1940, after planning the war for years, Franco finally revealed to Hitler that he wanted to invade Andalusia, and asked Hitler for military aid. Hitler, feeling angered by Franco's decision took months to contemplate on a decision. Finally in November of 1940, he reluctantly decided to give Franco military aid, on the condition that Franco is successful in his invasion. The Germans and Italians supplied Spain with tanks, machine guns and the deadly Luftwaffe warplanes for Spain's air bombardments of Andalusia. The Spaniards used Panzer-IV tanks, Karubiner 98 bolt-actions and MP-40 SMGs.
In January 3, 1941, Royal Army Scouts of Andalusia's armed forces quickly spotted and were alarmed by the high Spanish military activity north of Andalusia. Prince Ahmad, the General of the Royal Army Scouts reported back to Sultan Omar II of the high activity.
Sure that the Spaniards and Germans had lied to him, Sultan Omar II declared a state of emergency, and ordered the Royal Andalusian Forces to mobilize for combat, and for the country to shift from a peacetime into a wartime. Steel factories refocused into producing weapons and war supplies, food distribution centers began to refocus on producing rations for the military.
Andalusia's army on the other hand, though large, effecient and well-trained did not compare to the high technology of the Spanish armies. They relied on old Soviet technology. They used some T-17s, T-19s and a few T-35 tanks.The Spanish forces eventually launched their invasion into northern Andalusia in 1941, adopting Nazi German blitzkreig tactics, what the Spaniards referred to as "lighting bull" attacks. Franco ordered a policy of "no mercy", in which the Spaniards were to continue their vicious attacks against the Andalusians, no matter how overwhelmed they were - thereby almost assuring the Spaniards success. Losing approximately 652 Spanish soldiers and another 1,203 injured, the lighting bull attacks allowed the invading Spanish forces to successfully flush and destroy much of the Royal Andalusian Forces' Northern Command, especially after defeating the Andalusians in the Battle of Albacete. Commander Tamir Sahiruddin was evacuated to the south by members of the 4th Emergency Units of the Royal Andalusian Forces. About 13,493 Andalusian soldiers were killed in the northern battles, and another 14,324 were captured and taken as POWs. Andalusia and Spain eventually entered World War II as part of the European Theater. Under the leadership of Sultan Omar II, Andalusian army eventually overcame their tribulations, fighting with stubbornness and will which eventually exhausted the Spanish forces of their supplies, and the Andalusians ended up pushing entire Spaniard army groups back to Granada in 1941. About 10,000 Andalusian soldiers took part in the retaking of of Granada, only 1,334 troops remained alive, although the Spanish soldiers had retreated from Granada and Sultan Omar II and General Sahiruddin had assumed Granada had came back under Andalusian control. Eventually, in November 3, 1941 Spanish forces returned to began to pound Granada and the Andalusian forces stationed there where they fought for four months.
As successful and vicious as the Spanish attacks were, the Andalusians had one big advantage. Franco had ordered the Spaniards not to destroy or attack any historical sites, anyone who did so would be punished via the death penalty by suicide. Therefore, this rendered the Spaniards unable to fully implement their lightning bull attacks against key Andalusian cities. The Andalusians used this to their advantage, hiding soldiers, militants, artillery, anti-tank and anti-aircraft inside the various historical medieval palaces. Often attacking from inside those medieve structures, the Spaniards were not permitted to fire back, at the risk of causing damage to the structures and being punished via death penalty. As a result, the Spaniards found it really difficult to solidify their control over cities such as Granada, Al-Qurtubah and Al-Ishbiliya, due to constantly being attacked by Andalusians hiding in the Alhambra Palace, the Great Mosque of Córdoba, the Jannat al-Arif and other structures. The Spaniards lost entire air squadrons and Panzer groups to anti-tank and anti-air craft groups hiding inside historical structures.On February 1, 1942, fresh Spanish reinforcements invaded and lay siege to Cordoba, crushing the Andalusian forces stationed around the city. At this point, Sultan Omar II requested Allied help, since the Soviets were fighting the Nazis and the United States had closer allies in the west. In March 1942, Sultan Omar II eventually called for American help and Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a large but limited amount of supplies to the Royal Andalusian Forces. The first Sherman and M60 Patton tanks arrived on April 11, 1942 to drive the Spanish out of Cordoba. The 1st Cordoba Armored Unit was led by Julieta al-Bedawi, an Andalusian woman soldier of Bedouin and Berber descent. At that same time, Spain underwent another civil war as Franco's regime was going under attack from armed supporters of the monarchy. This had put Franco in a two-front war.
This proved to be very positive for Andalusia, since the Andalusians, regardless of their political or religious affiliation, remained united.Desperate for Hitler's approval and continued support, Franco ordered the Spaniards to continue the push into the south at all costs. This proved disastrous for the Standards, as multiple Spanish military leaders had pleaded with Franco to let them hold off the invasion, and solidify their control in the north. By this point, the Spaniards already were semi-depleted of their necessities. Much of the Panzer tanks malfunctioned due to the various tank battles against the various Aben Humeya Divisions of the Andalusian forces. Their ammunition and fuel was running dangerously low, they new the Andalusians were regrouping.
The Spaniard 7th, 9th and 15th Armies, as well as the 4th and 7th Panzer Grupos underwent continuous attacks by the several divisions and corps of the Andalusian Central Command in 1943. Approximately 23 Panzer tanks, 1,439 soldiers and 87 vehicles were lost in the various attacks. However, the Spaniards were still able to fend off their Moorish attackers and make the push south. Due the damage caused, the Spanish 15th Army dissoluted and merged with the 9th Army.By this point, the push the south was inevitably suicidal. Over 103 Spanish military leaders committed suicide, knowing their invasion would surely get crushed by this point. General Alberto ibn Maymun, seeing this as an opportunity for the element of surprise, ordered the Southern Command's northern frontier to retreat and let the battered Spaniards through. Not wanting to continue the invasion so short-handed, José Rico Martín sent a message to Francisco Franco begging for him to halt the invasion and led the Spanish forces refuel and rebuild before continuing.
However, the entire Spanish 3rd Messanger Unit, who was delivering Rico's message, was attacked and massacred by the Andalusian 3rd Guadiana Regiment. All of its members were shot and killed, with no prisoners were taken. Colonel Salim Abu-Nasrallah, the regiment's leader (and eventual commander of the Central Command) recovered the message and contemplated whether to show it to Franco to show an example of his failure or to keep it. Abu-Nasrallah decided to burn it.
At this point, the Central Command had begun to plan out, and carry forth the first phases of their offensive to retake the Ana River and the city of Albacete.
Franco did send reinforcements for the final push, however they were hastily-trained, and did not resemble the superiority in skills of the soldiers during the beginning of the invasion. Many of them were also reluctant, scared, mentally scarred and overall ill-prepared for war. Prince Karim of the 3rd Royal Army Scouts reported the mental and physical state of the reinforcements to leaders of the Southern Command, "They're scared, they're hopeless. They have sent their coward leader Francisco Franco a letter begging for help."
Both the Andalusians and Spaniards were affected by the news of Franco's stubbornness, and his refusal to give the battered-Spaniards the proper aid they needed.
Many Spanish officers and their soldiers, angered by Franco, formed Mutiny Battalions, and defected to the Andalusian and Allied side.
Colonel Rafiq Abu-Nidal of the 7th Al-Qurtubah Regime received Prince Karim and Abu-Nasrallah's news and came up with a new warfare idea: psychological warfare.
Abu-Nidal and his superiors and inferiors likened to the idea of using severed body parts of deceased Spanish soldiers as a means of psychological warfare against the Spaniards. Abu-Nidal presented the idea to General Alberto ibn Maymun, who approved.
Abu-Nidal ordered the 7th Al-Qurtubah Regime to collect deceased bodies of Spanish soldiers, severe and distort their bodies. They were officially renamed the 1st Psychological Warfare Division, with Abu-Nidal as its Lieutenant Commander.
Other divisions and battalions of the Southern Command were ordered to retreat back south for the surprise attack. Abu-Nidal's soldiers planed bloodied severed heads of Spanish soldiers on spears, as well as other body parts and internal organs. In addition, they would place white flags north of the fields containing the distorted and mutilated bodies, to look as if the Andalusians were surrendering. Then the 3rd and 4th Al-Qurtubah Division, as well as the 9th Aben Aboo Tank Battalions would surprise-attack the Spaniards to finally "remind them of their fate".
The plan had worked, groups of Royal Army Scouts reported Spanish soldiers committing suicide, having massive panic attacks and vomiting due to the mental effects of seeing their fallen comrades' body parts. Then, the Andalusian forces began the surprise-attack. The Royal Army Scouts reported that most of the Spaniards were so traumatized, that they did not bother to fight back, choosing to die over dealing with the mental effects caused by physiological warfare. Approximately 5,703 Spanish soldiers surrendered..
In December 3, 1943, the Andalusians had successfully defeated the Spaniards in Balansiya, giving the Andalusians a major advantage in the east.This finally enabled the Central Command to begin carrying forth the final liberation of Albacete. The Central Command made four strategic offensives towards the Ana River, which was later completed by western battalions of the Central Command. Simultaneously, the forces of the Eastern Command would be pushing the Spaniards south. They eventually met in the city of Osuna, and encircled Spanish forces in and around Albacete and the Ana River. By January 22, 1944, Albacete was retaken from the Spaniards.
However, Franco continued to send ill-prepared reinforcements for a push south. The Spaniards slowly made their way into the Alpujarras, they were all crushed by the Andalusian forces of the Southern Command. They were also attacked and defeated by Jewish militants.
In 1944, the last of the Spanish Southern Army Group Battalions surrendered in Granada. With news of the Spanish surrender in the south, the armies of the Western and Northern Commands began their offensives, flushing out and capturing entire batallions of Spaniards, who at this point, had little to no motivation left to keep fighting. Approximately 13,538 Spaniards surrendered to the Northern Command, approximately 10,003 surrendered to the Western Command and approximately 1,239 surrendered to the Central Command, since most Spaniards in central Andalusia took part in the failed final push.
After the war was over, and Franco overthrow and captured, Spain's king Juan III had made efforts to renew relations with Andalusia. While many expected an outcome more bitter and negative relations between the Moors and Spaniards, what actually resulted was the exact opposite. Both countries heralded in a golden age of positive relations.
Omar II and Juan III met each other in the city of Granada, signing the Southern Iberian Treaty, which renewed and re-opened relations between the Sultanate of Andalusia and the Kingdom of Spain. Both countries, as well as with Allied help, enacted humanitarian programs to help one another recover from the war, citing the first instance of cooperation or positive relations between the Moors and the Spaniards ever since the Treaty of Granada in 1492. Both monarchs codenamed it Operation Rebirth, a humanitarian military operation. Juan III then ordered for the formation of the Emergency and Humanitarian Divisions of the Imperial Spanish Army. Omar II then issued a royal order, permitting Spanish troops of the Emergency and Humanitarian Divisions to collect the bodies of deceased Spanish troops, including those used by the 1st Psychological Warfare Division so they can be properly taken back to Spain and given proper funerals and burials. These Spanish soldiers worked closely with various emergency units of the Royal Andalusian Forces, namely the 4th, 9th, 11th, 14th and 17th Emergency Units of the Royal Andalusian Forces.
In addition to humanitarian and recovery efforts, the monarchs of both nations refocused their military goals on fighting the socialist remnants of Franco's followers, who consisted of former Spanish soldiers who had escaped and formed militant groups.
In 1946, Omar II and Juan III signed the Iberian Pact, a military allyship between Andalusia and Spain that promised each other military aid in case of attacks against one another's nation, in addition, promised that each country would work to resolve disputes diplomatically. The pact saw its first use in 1950, when communist militants committed the Madrid Bombings, in which members of the 7th Overseas Division were sent to aid the Spaniards in hunting the perpetrators, catching four of them trying to escape to Andalusia. In 1953, Catholic extremists attempted to detonate a bomb at the Great Mosque of Cordoba. Juan III sent members of the 2nd Bomb Squad Unit of the Imperial Spanish Army to aid their Moorish counterparts with investigations, as well as to conduct a minesweep throughout Andalusia.
Spain and Andalusia's governments had both funded student overseas programs, allowing students from either country to travel back and forth.
The treaty lasts to this day, as both nations became members of the Non-Aligned Movement during the Cold War. In 1975, after a bloodless coup and non-violence revolution, Omar II abdicated the throne as Andalusia transitioned to a presidential democracy. However, Omar II remained Andalusia's Minister of Defense.