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Scottish Empire (Rise of Roses)

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Scots Empire
Impireacht na h-Alba

Scottish Empire
Timeline: Rise of Roses
Preceded by 843–1950 Succeeded by
See below See below
Flag of Scotland No coa
Flag of the Scottish Empire Coat of Arms of the Scottish Empire
ScottishEmpireFull
The Empire at its greatest extent, from 1799 (annexation of the Isle of Man) until 1888 (independence of Nova Scotia)

Motto
In My Defens God Me Defend (Scots)
("In my defence God me defend")

Anthem: "Scotland the Brave"
Capital: Edinburgh
Largest city: Glasgow
Other cities: Aberdeen, Reykjavík, Rangoon, Karachi, Port Royal, Dakar
Language:
  official:
 
Scots, Scottish Gaelic
  other languages: English, Irish, various indigenous languages
Religion:
  main:
 
Roman Catholic
  other religions: Anglican, indigenous religions
Ethnic groups:
  main:
 
Scottish
  other: English, Irish, indigenous
Type of government: Constitutional Monarchy
Currency: Scottish Pound (SCP)

The Scottish Empire was a major power throughout the Colonial Period, but starting in the 19th Century, it began to decline. In 1950, it was reorganized into the Scottish Commonwealth; though some have argued that Scotland still has an Empire, as it still controls areas of Europe, Africa and the Americas.

History

Though the Kingdom of Scotland was established in 843, it didn't grow into an Empire until the Age of Discovery. In the 17th Century, Scottish settlers established two major colonies: Nova Scotia in North America and New Caledonia in Central America; which gave Scottish America a foothold on the New World for centuries.

In 1706, when it was proposed that England and Scotland should Unite (they had been united in many respects since 1603), the Scottish people were utterly unwilling to accept the Union, and they went as far as declaring James Francis Edward Stuart to be King of Scotland, which severed all political ties to England. The King of England (William III) was outraged that he had been overthrown in Scotland, and the two countries appeared to be on the brink of War, but eventually the two countries settled peacefully.

This peace didn't last, however, as the Scottish and English Empires fought on opposite sides of the Seven Years' War; the American War of Independence; and the Irish War of Independence - all less than a Century after their separation.

Meanwhile, the 18th Century proved to be the Scottish Empire's Golden Age. Scottish America saw the addition of Scottish Guyana; and several colonies in Western and Southern Africa were founded, and grew quickly. Scottish India was also established during this period, and by the 1800s, it had become one of the largest colonies in Asia.

Government and Politics

Foreign Relations

Military

Colonial Evolution

Africa

Name Map Flag Capital Established Disestablished Area (sq km) Population
Scottish Africa Dakar (unofficial) N/A 1,960,339
Senegal Dakar N/A 196,723
Gold Coast Accra N/A 238,535
Dahomey Newport 1713 N/A 112,622
Madagascar Antsiranana 1680 1950 (merged with Scotland)
1962 (independence)
587,041
South-West Africa Muc-mhara Linne 1720 1950 (merged with Scotland)
1970 (independence)
825,418

Americas

Name Map Flag Capital Established Disestablished Area (km2) Population
Scottish America Port Royal (unofficial) 1621 N/A 688 217
Nova Scotia Port Royal 1621 1888 133,874
New Caledonia New Edinburgh 1699 (first)
1710 (second)
1704 (first)
1894 (second)
390,522
Scottish Guyana Freeport 1721 1950 (merged with Scotland) 163,821

Asia

Name Map Flag Capital Established Disestablished Area (km2) Population
Scottish East Indies Rangoon (unofficial) 1713 1949 1,628,088
Scottish India Karachi 1713 1946 803,940
Scottish Bengal Dacca 1736

1834 (Combined with Burma)
1949 (Independence)

147,570
Burma Rangoon 1722

1834 (Combined with Scottish Bengal)
1949 (Independence)

676,578

Europe

Name Map Flag Capital Established / Acquired Disestablished Area (sq km) Population
Scotland Edinburgh 843 (founding of the Kingdom) N/A 78,772
Isle of Man Douglas 1799 (from England) N/A 572
Greenland Nuuk 1758 (from Denmark) N/A 2,166,086
Iceland Reykjavík 1758 (from Denmark N/A 103,001

Demographics

Language

Religion

Crime

Economy

Public Services

Society

Culture

Before

AFRICA

  • Senegal - Empire of Great Fulo; Senegambian peoples
  • Dahomey - Kingdom of Dahomey
  • Gold Coast - Ashanti Empire (partial)
  • Madagascar - Malagasy peoples
  • South-West Africa - Namibian peoples

AMERICAS

  • Nova Scotia - New France (partial, claimed); Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Abenaki peoples
  • New Caledonia - New Spain (partial)
  • Scottish Guyana - Arawak and Carib peoples

ASIA

  • Scottish India - Mughal Empire (partial)
  • Scottish Bengal - Mughal Empire (partial)
  • Burma - Kingdom of Burma, under the Taungoo Dynasty

EUROPE

  • Scotland - Feudal Societies
  • Iceland - Danish Iceland
  • Greenland - Danish Greenland
  • Isle of Man - English Crown Colony of the Isle of Man

After

The overall Empire was succeeded by the Scottish Commonwealth.

AFRICA

  • Senegal - Province of Senegal, fully incorporated into Scotland
  • Dahomey - Province of Dahomey, fully incorporated into Scotland
  • Gold Coast - Province of Ashanti, fully incorporated into Scotland
  • Madagascar - Province of Madagascar, fully incorporated into Scotland. In 1962 became independent as Madagascar
  • South-West Africa - Province of Namibia, fully incorporated into Scotland. In 1970 became independent as Namibia (keeping the Scottish Monarchy as Heads of State)

AMERICAS

  • Nova Scotia - Republic of Nova Scotia
  • New Caledonia - Republic of New Caledonia
  • Scottish Guyana - Province of Scottish Guyana, fully incorporated into Scotland

ASIA

  • Scottish India - Republic of Pakistan
  • Scottish Bengal - Union of Bengal and Burma (commonly known as Burma) (keeping the Scottish Monarchy as Heads of State)
  • Burma - Union of Bengal and Burma (commonly known as Burma) (keeping the Scottish Monarchy as Heads of State)

EUROPE

  • Scotland - N/A
  • Iceland - Province of Iceland, fully incorporated into Scotland
  • Greenland - Province of Greenland, fully incorporated into Scotland
  • Isle of Man - Dependency of the Isle of Man (semi-autonomous, partly governed by Scotland)

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