Scotland is a feudal monarchy, headed by a king (currently Arthur II). A Parliament exists as well.
Scotland made an alliance with France against England in 1450. The Scots also wished to support the Irish and Welsh, both to foster Celtic solidarity and to oppose the goals of the English. King James II worked to promote a peace between the English and French, with France being the clear winner in the treaty however.
Scotland is a Christian nation, and is Roman Catholic, though the distance from Rome is noted. The patron saint of Scotland is Saint Andrew, though there are others.
The main language of Scotland is Gaelic. However, while the upper class speaks a more classic form of Gaelic akin to the language of the old Gaelic peoples and the upper class of Ireland, the common people's language differs more from the Irish language. Many Scots also speak the Scots language, a dialect of Middle English.
The bagpipes, clàrsach/harp, and fiddle are traditional Scottish instruments. Scotland has traditional folk music and dances.
The traditional games of Scotland are shinty and hurling, both of which developed in pre-Christian times. They are commonly played in the winter. There are many new games in Scotland involving leather balls and teams, commonly called football even though some involve carrying the ball. Some of these games the government has seen fit to outlaw due to danger and disruption. Another sort of new game is developing, which involves trying to use a club to hit a ball into a small hole in the ground.
One symbol of Scotland, St. Andrew's Cross, is commonly used as a flag or banner due to its religious significance. The thistle is also often seen to be a Scottish symbol. Textile tartans are often used to express ones clan.