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AlbaTimeline: Ninety-Five Theses (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Scotland
843 - Present
|Other cities||Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen|
Scotland is a nation founded in 843 AD in the north of the British Isles.
Prior to Ninety-Five Theses
Scotland was established in 843 AD as successor of the Kingdom of the Picts. While it was not officially established, it is believed that in 843 the Picts accepted the new name of Scots, rather than Picts, assuming the name Scotland, rather than Pictland, as they intended at first.
Much like the Picts, the Scottish had unstable relations with the English, this however changed nearing the twelfth century, and during the thirteenth century, Scotland had approximately assumed its modern borders. To the end of the fourteenth century however the stability created by David I lay to pieces, with the apparent death of Alexander III of Scotland.
This forced the Scots to fight for the crown of Scotland, with many laying claim to it. Edward I of England was asked to pick out the most legitimate claimant out of them. A new ruler, John Balliol, came to the throne, chosen by Edward I of England.
Unknown to John, Edward was undermining his position, eventually attempting to force the Scots to fight for the English against the French. This was declined, and the Scots subsequently initiated contact with France for a potential alliance. This alliance was sealed in 1295, and was known as the Auld Alliance. Only one year later, the Wars for Scottish independence fired.
Robert I was later crowned, when it became apparent that the Scots wanted to become independent. Over twenty years, Robert managed to turn Scotland into a legitimately recognized government, by both, the English crown and the current pope.
Despite civil war in the Highlands and the Lowlands continuing, as well as small skirmishes with England, this was one of the most prosperous time periods for Scotland. It was also the height of the Auld Alliance, when Scottish forces fought together with Joan of Arc during the Hundred Years War.
James IV of Scotland later signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace with England, however this peace treaty failed, as it was falsified.