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Scotland (Scots: Scotland, Gaelic: Alba) is a sovereign and independent country, found in the northern part of the island of Great Britain, also on a small part of the island of Ireland as well as on more than 790 islands (including the Hebrides, Orkneys and Shetlands, as well as the isle of Mann).It shares a land border with England (In hoc signem vinces) and Ireland (In hoc signem vinces)
History in Scotland diverted from OTL in 1745. What changes is the 1745 Jacobite rebellion, generated by Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie). Bonnie Prince Charlie manages to receive support also from the Continent, but what is more important, he gains the support of the Lowlands. The Jacobites have threatenned the northern half of England, thus forcing the House of Hannover to negotiate. The result was the cession of Ulster, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to Scotland, as well as the Isle of Mann.
Bonnie Prince Charlie manages to produce more heirs, and the line continues to the modern king Charles V.
Without the defeat of the Jacobites, the Highlands are not so depopulated, and neither do the Highland Clearances occur.
After the first world war, Scotland cedes most of Ulster except county Down and county Antrim to the newly emergent country of Ireland.
Nova Scotia, across the Atlantic has received independence after WW2, but relations remain very close, and Nova Scotia continues to recogniye the Stuart monarchs as their sovereigns.
Scotland is, well ,Scotland. Whats a little different is that the Highlands are more forested.
The population of Scotland numbers over some six and half million people, mainly concnetrated in the Lawlands (between Glesga and Edinburgh).
The largest city is Glesga, numberring some 894 000.
In terms of language, some 81% of the population 5 464 000) speak Scots, mainly in the central belt (the purest Scots area is Angus)
.The largest minority are the Gaelic speakers (although they are considerred an integral part of the Scottish nation, and are seen as an ethnographic and linguistic group, but not a national minority). They number also some 480 000 people (7%), and are found predominantly in the northwestern parts of the country (the Gaidhealtacht).
The second largest minority are the Irish (some 407 000 people) - predominantly in Ulster (in County Doun and Anthrim, but also significant communities exist in Glesga.It is worth stating that the Irish people , although identifying as such, have sometimes more knowledge in English or Scots than Irish.
The thirrd largest community are the English-language speakers 3%(apart from the Irish).They number some 204 000 people, and are mainly concentrated in county Doun , but there are also sizeable communities in Anthrim, Glesga and the Mairches).
Scotland is also home to two small indigenous minorities- the Manx and the Norn, who inhabit the Isle of Mann , and the Orkneys, the Shetlands and Caithness, respectivelly . (The two communities number around 1% each- the Manx 82 000, while the Norn 38 000).
Scotland is also home to a diverse population of immigrants , numberring some 64 000 people (mosty in and around the large cities.
In religious terms, we can see a division: while most of the Lawlands (and Scots-speaking area) is either belonging to the Church of Scotland, or is without religion, the Gaidhealtacht and the Irish people are overwhelmingly Catholic. There is also a minority Druidist group (which can calim descent from the pagans in Skilda).
Translated into numbers, some about 3.26 million people adhere to the Kirk o Scotland (48%), somer 890 000 to the Catholic Church(13%), another 1.6 million (24%) are without religious belief. Some 632 000 (9%) did not state their religion. 282 000 people adhere to other branches of Christianity, mostly Protestant (4%). The remaining 74000 are a very diverse bunch- Jews, Buddhist,Hindus and Druidists.
Politics and government
The Kingdom of Scotland is a constitutional monarchy, but the monarch has stronger powers than in the southern neighbour, England.
Scottish constitutional experts recognize division of power into four branches:
The ceremonial power is represented by the King; he can influence the country quite a lot. Another important factor are the clan chiefs, who are also viewed as a similar figure in their ancestral lands. (e. g. if a new hotel is being openned in a Highland town , the clan chief will be the person to attend the openning). For these purposes, the country is subdivided into ceremonial shires (headed by a Duke or Earl) and clan lands.
The Scottish parliament is composed of two houses: the upper house is the "clan" house, elected in one-member majority vote constituencies, in the Highlands especially copying the clan boundaries, while the lower house is a proportional based system (however with certain seats being reserved to regions).
The Upper House has some 300 seats, Its members are paid minimum wage and it is supposed to promote the interests of the local areas.
The Lower House has some 250 seats, of which : 3 are reserved for the Isle of Mann, 3 of the the Northreys, 18 for Gaidhealtacht and 42 for Ulster. The remaining 185 for the rest of Scotland. If an overwhelming majority (75%+) of the MPs for the autonomous regions decide to veto the law , they effectively do so.
Autonomous legislative assmeblies also exist for the Gaidhealtacht, for Ulster , for the Northreys and for Mann.
(Gaidhealtacht and the Northreys have a bicameral autonomous legislature- In Gaidhealtacht, the lower house is elected by proportional vote, while the upper house is elected in eachof the clans; in the Northreys the lower house too is a proportional one, while the upper house is up of 3 delegates for Caithness. Orkneys and Zeltand)
The executive power is derived from the legislative. The government of Scotland is headed by the First Meenister, and his/her cabinet. Also autonomous governments exist in Gaidhealtacht, Ulster, Mann and Nordreyar. The seat of the government is in the capital city of Edinburgh.
The judicial capital is in Pairth
The major sources of revenues come from whisky production, oil, and tourism (mainlyin Gaidhealtacht).
Scotland has a long-standing tradition of armed forces- most notably the Highlands. Since its independence, Scotland has remained neutral in most f the major wars, apart from World War Two, where they enterred the war on the Allied side.
The first level administrative regions are the autonomous regions and regions. These are subdivided into shires and those further down into districts.
- Lowden (858 000, Edinburgh)
- Wast Lowden
- Ceety o Edinburgh
- Mairches (114 000, Gallae)
- Tweeddale (Peebles)
- Dumfries an Gallowa (152 000, Dumfries)
- Strathclyde (2 494 000, Glesca)
- Glesca Ceety (894 000)
- Lanark (628 000)
- Ayr (368 000)
- Renfrew (366 000)
- Dumbarton (238 000)
- Tayside (865 000, Pairth)
- Stirlin (209 000)
- Fife (375 000, St. Andra)
- Dundee Ceety(148 000)
- Pairth-Kinross (133 000, Pairth)
- Grampians (584 000, Aiberdeen)
- Aiberdeen (398 000)
- Angus (97 000)
- Moray (89 000)
- Gaeldheatacht (autonomous;411 000, Inbhir Nis)
- Inbhir Nis (154 000)
- Rois-Cromba (82 000)
- Cataibh (35 000)
- Innse Gall (45 000)
- Earra Ghaidheal (81 000)
- Bhóid (14 000)
- Northreys (autonomous, 72 000)
- Caitnes (28 000)
- Orkney (21 000)
- Zetland (23 000)
- Ellan Vanim (autonomous,Doolish, 84 000)
- Ulster (autonomous, Belfast, 1 108 000)
- Belfast (200 000)
- Doun (392 000)
- Anthrim (516 000)