Scotland is a nation located in the north of Great Britain. Once part of the United Kingdom, the country was occupied by Germany until 1993. After the collapse of the United Republic, Scotland gained independence but political divisions resulted in a war between the nationalist north and moderate south, quickly ended with German and American intervention. The country was recently reunited.
Scotland was united with England in 1707. It played a major part in British affairs and many famous Britons originated from it. Scotland managed to keep a sense of cultural independence from the rest of Britain, unlike Wales.
WWII and Occupation
As an originally Celtic nation, Scotland felt alienated from England as policies against Irish increased. Nevertheless, Scottish troops contributed to the invasion of Ireland and all subsequent military operations. During the invasion of Britain, Glasgow was the last major city to fall before the surrender of the government. The Scottish terrain became known amongst French and German soldiers as hard to negotiate and had a major influence on military plans.
Scotland was occupied by German troops after 1943, and was made into a puppet state. Initially struggling economically, Scotland became reasonably well off after the 1950's.
Scottish culture was allowed to flourish under German occupation, and it gained a greater sense of independence in the 1970's and 1980's. It gained full independence in 1993, and joined with the United Republic.
British Civil War
In 1996 Scotland declared independence from the United Republic as anarchy brought the collapse of the country. Riots spread across Scottish cities, although violence from loyalist was eventually crushed. In the chaos, a new Scottish government could not found to suit the needs of everyone. A strong nationalist partisan group took over the north of the country, eventually declaring independence as Alba with intervention from American and German troops.
Meanwhile, in the south, clashes with forces in North England caused Scottish troops to partially invade Cumbria and Northumberland. Suffering under martial law and oppression, these counties (who were culturally tied to Scotland historically) defected in 2002 at the end of the war, as Scotland and Alba became stable.
It was largely thought that only American intervention had caused Alba to split and a large portion of those in Alba resented being separated. The nationalist government failed to handle the economy well, and many isolated communities found it increasingly hard to make a living. Meanwhile, in the Free State of Scotland, the economy had largely recovered and reconstruction was under way.
Debate went round in circles about reunification. Alban politicians refused to work with the more liberal Scottish leaders and made it clear they had no intention of reuniting unless the new Scotland was to adapt to their way of running things. This was unacceptable to many.
Protests against the government sprang up in many Alban towns, and a strong vote to pro-reunification politicians sent the message across. In February 2013, a summit was held to decide the future of Scotland. An overwhelming majority voted for reunification "as soon as reasonably possible," and on the 21st March Scotland was reunited.