The Union of Scandinavia (Danish: Den Skandinaviske Union) is the northernmost country in Europe, occupying all of Scandinavia, Northern Germany, and parts of North America and West Africa. Scandinavia is a unitary constitutional, hereditary monarchy and a parliamentary, representative democracy; it is currently ruled by Queen Margrethe II and Prime Minister Helle Throning-Schmidt. It is regarded as one of the most powerful nations in the whole world, even having been classified as one of the superpowers.
After the unification of the Kalmar Union on January 1, 1559, the nation has since expanded onto its neighbors and has begun to level to a superpower since the 1900s. It has long since helping many other unfortunate nations around the world, many classifying it as the least corrupt and most happy citizens in the world, although that's arguable with the Unitary Kingdoms of North America.
The Swedish Attempt For Independence
Main article: Swedish Attempt of Independence
The Swedish attempt for independence failed when she lost the war against the Kalmar Union who was allied with Denmark. The Danes massed 5,000 troops, of which 2,000 were from Germany, her ally. Half of the troops were sent through Scania and the rest to invade Stockholm by sea. While the attack through the lower tip of Sweden proved to be a success, the invasion on Stockholm pulled through by only a slim margin. Sten Sture, the leader of the Swedish forces, was killed in the Battle of Stockholm when he was shot by a cannon ball, and Nils Bossom Sture, his niece, was imprisoned was presumably tortured to death. The success of the war by the Danish military secured its position of the leader of the Kalmar Union, and Sweden would not have her revenge for a long while.
The Protestant Reformation in Europe had begun to travel many parts of Germany and nearby countries. It was not only until they had spread to Scandinavia in 1534. Frederick I, the ruler of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden at the time, began to accept the Lutherans who came to the country for protection from riots in Germany. After the death of Frederick I in 1533, a civil war raged in the nation between Christian II with his supporters, the Catholic side, and Christian III with his supporters, the Protestant side. Christian III managed to win the civil war and begun to reform the churches into Protestantism.
The Great Swedish Rebellion of 1550
Many thought that the Swedish would stay in peace under the Danish governance. But no one knew the Swedish Liberators, a group of people who wants Sweden to be independent. They began to prepare a large-mass rebellion in Stockholm, which will most likely be the center of battle against the oppressive Danes. Many peasants said that Sweden should be independent, they would be granted free lives. The Swedish Liberators agreed to this, and the peasants went up to arms. On April 9, 1550, the rebellion came. The Liberators began to destroy many Danish possessions, including riches and murdering Danish nobles. Christian III ordered troops in Scania and Southern Sweden at the time to stop the rebellions. The rebels won Stockholm and began to fortify it against the coming Danes. Other parts of Sweden were watched closely by the Kalmar Union, so it was only Stockholm that rebelled. A rebellion, inspired by the Swedes, also almost happened in Oslo, Norway, but was easily defeated by the Norwegian troops. The Danes came onto the rebels hard, a fierce battle which killed almost 10,000 people, including children. The rebels were then surrounded in the center of the city, and surrendered. They were executed for treason and for trying to go against the monarchy. Peace was restored after a while, and Sweden was becoming more Danish.
Transitioning to a Political Union
In 1559, the personal union had turned into a functional political union. The defunct system was beginning to weaken the government and almost made an all-out rebellion in Sweden and Norway. The government in Denmark decided to hold a vote on whether to keep the personal union, or turn into a political union, making Sweden and Norway mostly equal to Denmark proper. Most voters chose political, while some others chose personal. This began a new set of relations between the former nations of the Kalmar Union, beginning with the fall of the national flags of the nations into the new, united Scandinavian flag. This is one of the most memorable moments of Scandinavia of the history.
Friendship with Poland-Lithuania
The creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569 gave new opportunities for the Scandinavians to befriend with. It was to hold back interests of the growing empires of Russia, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire, who were dominating much of Europe at the time. Both nation agreed to a trading pact, a defensive pact, and finally an alliance pact. This strengthened many ties between the two nations and greatly reduced potential rivals declaring wars on both nations. This alliance will go on many centuries, and friendship will eternally prevail on both nations.
Many attempts failed on a Scandinavian colony since the discovery of the Americas in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. It has been over two centuries for a permanent colony on the new continent, and was finally created on 1615, around OTL New York City, named as Ny Firtal, after Christian IV. The new colony was brokered to news to the King Christian IV, who was fascinated by the news. A celebration was held around Scandinavia, many waving hands to the night sky as a sign for new wonders to come.
The Thirty Years' War
Main article: Thirty Years' War
The war in Germany was beginning to heat up as Scandinavia intervened on the (mostly) Protestant side on 1625. They feared that they would be soon defeated by the powerful Catholic countries, and began to lead many Northern German Lutherans to fight against the Southern German Catholics. Although the Northern German fought alongside the Scandinavians, they would soon be in Scandinavian control, for utmost protection, even if they didn't like it. Scandinavia began to invade Central Germany, and Poland-Lithuania decided to join in on the Protestant side. At 1640, the war was beginning to show into Protestant hands, with France invading southwestern parts of Germany, Scandinavia invading central parts, and Poland-Lithuania invading the eastern parts. The Ottoman Empire and several other allies also contributed well, with destroying masses of armies along the Austrian borders. The war ended in 1648, with almost three-fifths of Germany's population dead. It, of course, ended with the Protestant winning, and was thus granted land and riches. Scandinavia gained the Northern German coast, Poland-Lithuania gained Silesia, France gaining the Spanish Netherlands and Alsace-Lorraine, and many other German Protestant nations gaining cities.
The Great Northern War with Russia
The Tsardom of Russia, the largest nation of the whole world, was furious at the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Union of Scandinavia for being in their way to the rest of Europe. The Russians began to devise a plain to take over Finland, White Russia, and Ukraine from the two nations. They began to prepare a mass of at least 100,000 troops near the borders, and launched a grand invasion. Both nations were shocked, but maintained a substantial amount of troops near the borders as well, making the Russian invasion almost impossible. Great Britain and the Ottoman Empire intervened on the Scandinavian-Union side, while the Prussia and Saxony came to the Russian side. The Scandinavian side was on the defensive for the most part, but after repelling almost all Russians on 1707, they began on the offensive. Scandinavia launched an invasion to St Petersburg, while Poland-Lithuania launched invasions to key trade cities of Russia, such as Novgorod. Nearing 1715, massive casualties were made between both sides, and the Russians were getting exhausted as they were defeated by the other forces. This led to a peace treaty on 1717, with parts of Northern Russia going to Scandinavia and parts of Western Russia, including northern Ukraine, to Poland-Lithuania. Royal Prussia was give to the Poles, and parts of Northern Germany to Scandinavia. The two powers were seen to be warmongering, and were watched cautiously during the next decades.