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|Kingdom of Saudi Arabia|
المملكة العربية السعوديةTimeline: Yellowstone: 1936
Al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabiyyah as-Su‘ūdiyyahSaudi Arabia
OTL equivalent: Saudi Arabia
لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā l–lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l–lāh"
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
Map of the Saudi Arabia
|Ethnic groups||Arabs, Afro-Arab|
|Government||Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy|
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, also known simply as Saudi Arabia is an Arab state located on the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest Arab state in Western Asia by land area, at approximately 2,150,000 sq km (830,000 sq mi), making the majority of the Arabian Peninsula and much of the Arab world. Saudi Arabia's capital is the city of Riyadh, and has a unitary Islamic absolute monarchy system of government.
On 20 May 1927 the Treaty of Jeddah was signed by the United Kingdom, recognizing the independence of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Najd, ruled by Abdul-Aziz. Many of the Ikhwan leaders wanted to continue the expansion of the Wahhabist realm into the British protectorates of Transjordan, Iraq, and Kuwait following conquest of Hedjaz. Recognizing the danger of direct conflict with the British, the Abdul-Aziz refused to agree to this. The Ikhwan therefore revolted but were defeated in the Battle of Sabilla in 1930,and the Ikhwan leadership were massacred.
The nation of Saudi Arabia was created in 1933 following the union of the two kingdoms of the Hejaz and Najd. The new nation created boundaries with Transjordan, Iraq, and Kuwait through a series of treaties negotiated in the 1920’s, with two neutral zones created with Iraq and Kuwait. The country's southern boundary with Yemen was partially defined by the 1934 Treaty of Ta'if, which ended a brief border war between the two states.