The Sao Paulo Movement (also known as the Third Way and the Non-Aligned Movement) is a group of Nations, primarily in the Southern Hemisphere, who joined together in order to promote peace, economic development and humanitarian causes. As a relatively new organization, the Sao Paulo Movement is still working on establishing itself internationally.
The Movement was the idea of Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, in the later 1990s and early 2000s, who worked to distance his nation from the French sphere-of-influence known as the European Defensive Alliance, which had dominated the nation since its collapse in the Venezuelan War. Together with Australasia, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, India, China and Argentina, Cardoso organized the movement, with the signing of a treaty in the city that now gives the organization its name.
While being part of either the EDA or the American/Russian dominated Juneau Pact is not a barrier to becoming part of the group, renouncing the use of war against another nation except in the case of defense is a necessity. However, with the rise of Brazil as a strong counter to the other Great Powers, some nations have indeed resigned their membership of the EDA (but no nation has joined to the Sao Paulo Movement and resigned from the Juneau Pact).
|Argentina||2004 (Founding Member)||left EDA in 2006|
|Australasia||2004 (Founding Member)||Juneau Pact member|
|Balkan Confederacy||2010||Juneau Pact Member|
|Brazil||2004 (Founding Member)||left EDA in 2003|
|China||2004 (Founding Member)|
|Chile||2011||Juneau Pact Member|
|Colombia||2005||Juneau Pact Member|
|Ghana||2004 (Founding Member)|
|India||2004 (Founding Member)|
|Nigeria||2004 (Founding Member)|
|Palestine||2005||Juneau Pact Member|
|Peru-Bolivian Confederation||2008||Juneau Pact Member|
|South Africa||2004 (Founding Member)|