São Paulo is the second largest city in Brazil, but also its capital. It is the largest city in the southern hemisphere and South America, and the world’s 6th largest city in terms of population, which includes 20,340,000 people. The metropolis of the city is the São Paulo metropolitan area, the most populous metropolitan area in the southern hemisphere and South America, the second-most populous in the Americas, and the 7th most populous in the world. São Paulo is the capital of the municipality of São Paulo, the most populous Brazilian state, and also has a strong regional influence in commerce, finance, and culture. ­­­­­ strong international influence is made it an Alpha World City. The city is named after Saint Paul.

The metropolis has massive cultural, military, technological, economic, and political influence in the nation and in the world. It is known for its famed monuments, parks, gardens, and museums such as the Cultural Heritage Museum of Latin America, the Museum of Brazilian and Portuguese History, São Paulo Art Museum, the Ibirapuera Park, the Cultural Heritage Museum of Brazil, and the Amazon Scientific Academy, Paulista Avenue is Brazil’s (and the city’s) main and most important financial center nicknamed the Brazilian Wall Street. The city has also held famed, high profile events, such as the São Paulo Art Biennial, the Brazil Grand Prix Formula 1 São Paulo, São Paulo Fashion Show, ATP Brazil Open, and the São Paulo Indy 300.

It is the home or the São Paulo Stock Exchange, the Brazilian Markets, and the Cereal Market Stock exchanges (the 10th largest stock exchange in the World in terms of market value). São Paulo is home some of Brazil’s tallest buildings, including the building Mirante do Vale, Italia, Altino Arantes, the North Tower of the ILSCOM (International League Centre Enterprise), and many more.

People who live or are from São Paulo are known as paulistanos, though a similar term that is used for people from and live in the São Paulostate is known as the paulistas. The city’s Latin motto, which is the same motto for the Brazilian Military, Army, Air Force, and Navy, is Non dvcor, dvco, which translates as "I am not led, I lead.”

The city has also been nicknamed as the “Sampa” or “Cidade da Garoa” (translates into the city of drizzle), which is because of its unreliable and unpredictable weather, the enormous size of the city’s helicopter fleet, its architecture, gastronomy, severe traffic congestion, and its many skyscrapers.

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