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|National motto: ...|
|Monarch||Charles VI of Spain|
|General Governor||José Antonio González|
The Island of Hispaniola and Cuba were the first Spanish settlements in the Americas, soon after Borinquen (Puerto Rico) was also settled.
After the war of Spanish succession, the French took control of Hispaniola and called it Saint Domingue.
After the French Revolution, the Spanish regained control of Hispaniola and had to deal with a nasty slave insurrection there.
In 1880, the three colonies (Cuba, Santo Domingo, and Puerto Rico) were established as one overseas territory and integral part of Spain proper, separated from the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and under the name of Hearing of Santo Domingo, with full representation on the courts.
When the Spanish Republic was established in 1927, Santo Domingo did not recognized the republican government and, together with New Spain, was considered a rebel province by the Spanish republican government.
From 1938 to 1942, the Republic of Spain waged war to subject Santo Domingo. The intervention of New Spain, with a better trained army, stopped the republican takeover of Cuba.
In 1946, however, agreements between the Spanish Republic and New Spain, allowed for the Republic to control Santo Domingo.
In 1980, the monarchy was restored in Spain, and a new constitution was issued. Santo Domingo recognized the new constitution and formed an Autonomous Region.
Santo Domingo is composed by three main islands: Cuba, Hispaniola, and Borinquen.
The Autonomous Region of Santo Domingo is divided in five provinces:
- Cuba Occidental (Cuba)
- Cuba Oriental (Cuba)
- Haití (Hispaniola)
- Puerto Rico (Borinquen)
- Santo Domingo (Hispaniola)