Saladin, officially the Republic of Saladin, is a country in Western Asia encompassing the former Saladin Province of Iraq. Iraq borders Kurdistan to the north, Iraq to the south and the west, and Diyala to the east. The capital city, Tikrit, is in the center of the country. Saladin originally was a province within the Republic of Iraq. Although the Ba'ath Party favored Saladin autonomy, it was never implemented. After Saddam Hussein's assassination, the province was forced to declare independence to preserve interal order. Saladin has a close political and military alliance with neighboring Diyala, which has a similar system of government.