Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa.jpg
Reign 4 March 1960 - 7 December 1966
Coronation 4 March 1960
Predecessor Sükhbaatar
Successor Gyaltsen
Spouse Damdin Sükhbaatar
Born c. 1893
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921)
Died 7 December 1966 (aged 72-73)
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921)
Religion Unknown

Sükhbaataryn was the khan of Mongolia from the death of her husband in 1960 until she herself died six years later. Like her husband, she refused the title of "khan", forcing others to refer to her as "leader". She wasn't as important as her husband in restoring Mongol independence, however she is a national hero and regarded as the most important woman in Mongol history. She is also referred to as the "Mother of Mongolia's Revolution", due to her marriage to Sükhbaatar. She was the only female head of state in Mongolian history.

She didn't play an important role in the history of Mongolia besides keeping Sükhbaatar's legacy alive with her continuation of his democratic socialist policies. Like her husband, she never openly revealed her religious beliefs; leading to speculation that she and Sükhbaatar were atheists, much to the outrage of conservative Mongols. She also was responsible for strengthening the death penalty in Mongolia, something Sükhbaatar barely did; but it was only used in situations of extreme crime and intense political rebellion. She also strengthened the protection of Kazakhs in Mongolia, as extreme Buddhists often taunted, and rarely, massacred them.

Sükhbaataryn died six years after her coronation, giving her the shortest reign of any Mongolian monarchs. Like Sükhbaatar, she is a national hero; specifically for Mongol women. The Japanese Imperial War started during her reign; she sent Mongol troops to help the Japanese war efforts. She also created the short-lived state of Mongolia-Tuva.


Sükhbaataryn's reign was very uneventful. Besides from the beginning of the Japanese Imperial War, nothing important really happened. In 1961, she created the famous legislation used to protect the Kazakh minority, which still applies to this day, even under Gyaltsen's reign of around fifty years. In 1962, she created Mongolia-Tuva in response to Sükhbaatar's dream of Greater Mongolia; however this confederation fell apart in 1966 shortly after Sükhbaataryn died in 1966 as Gyaltsen wanted to rule just over the Mongols. Nothing very important happened until the start of the Japanese Imperial War, which Mongolia entered only a few days after the conflict started. This war turned out to be disastrous for Mongolia as they would eventually lose the parts of Manchuria they annexed; however scholars claim Mongolia was bound to join the war due to eruptions of Manchu rebels in the area and the Chinese dream of regaining Manchuria.

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