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Sükhbaatar of Mongolia (Franco-American War)

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Damdin Sükhbaatar
Sukhbaatar.jpg
Reign 11 August 1926 - 4 March 1960
Coronation 11 August 1926
Predecessor Bogd Khaan
Successor Sükhbaataryn
Spouse Yanjmaa Sukhbaatar
Born 2 February 1893
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921)
Died 4 March 1960 (aged 67)
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921)
Religion Unknown


Sükhbaatar was the khan of Mongolia from the death of Bogd Khaan to his death in early 1960. During the Mongolian Revolution and the Russian Civil War, he helped lead Mongolia to official independence. Despite supporting the Mongolian People's Party, he still ended up on the Mongolian throne due to the lack of a better leader. He never officially referred to himself as "khan", only "leader", a title which his wife would later take as well. Enshrined as the "Father of Mongolia's Revolution", he is remembered as one of the most important figures in Mongolia's struggle for independence.

Despite his odd political background and the fact that he didn't fit in with the rest of Mongolia's monarchy, Sükhbaatar is Mongolia's national hero. He oversaw many important events in Mongolian history, including the Mongolian Revolution and the Pacific War. He also was arguably the most harsh of the Mongolian monarchs towards China, aiding Uyghur rebels and Chinese Communists on numerous different occasions. He also strongly supported the idea of creating the proposed state of Greater Mongolia, consisting of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Tuva, and Buryatia. This may or may not have unintentionally lead to the creation of the Mongolian Imperialist Party.

Sükhbaatar was also influential in loosening Mongolia's strict religious laws, removing blasphemy executions altogether and encouraging unity among all of Mongolia's religious groups. However, a large portion of his legacy was undone when Jampal Namdröl Chökyi Gyaltsen took power in 1966, another monk who re-installed blasphemy executions and tried to separate Buddhists and the rest of Mongolia's religious groups.

Sükhbaatar spoke out against the rule of Bogd Khaan, telling all Mongols of his wrongdoings, creating a general distaste for him in Mongolia. He also made the country a lot more liberal, introducing numerous socialist ideas; under his reign parts of the Mongol government greatly resembled the governments of the modern-day Nordic states; under Sükhbaatar Mongolia entered an era of pride and patriotism, heightened even more by Mongolia's prideful entry into the Pacific War. He also made Mongolia into a semi-democratic state, re-establishing the prime minister system which Bogd Khaan had removed, re-instating Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren as prime minister. This system would, again, later be abolished by Jampal Namdröl Chökyi Gyaltsen.

Sükhbaatar died in early 1960, and was succeeded by his wife, another Marxist, Sükhbaataryn. She kept her husband's legacy alive, keeping most of the policies he implemented alive, and adding some of her own to the table. She was the only female Mongolian monarch. Sükhbaatar's Mausoleum is Mongolia's most visited tourist attraction, even more so than the neighboring mausoleums of other monarchs.

Reign

Revolution

Sükhbaatar helped lead Mongolia to independence during the Mongolian Revolution, even fighting alongside some of the Mongol troops in battle. He led Mongolia for the majority of the revolution; Bogd Khaan passed away during the second year of the war. This war alone was enough to make Sükhbaatar a national hero, as he was the general and leader of the Mongolian army during the war. This revolution was a direct response to the short-lived Mongolian Civil War and the major Russian influence in the nation. This made Tsar Nicholas another national hero. The war's legacy can still be felt today, as it created the harsh relationship shared between Mongolia and China

Pacific War

Shortly after the Pacific War started, Mongolia joined on Japan's side, mostly to spite China, and to potentially create Greater Mongolia. Mongolia's activity in the war dates all back to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, in which the Mongols invaded Inner Mongolia, in hopes of annexing it; which the Japanese let them do. This foreshadowed another geopolitical rivalry; Mongolia and Manchuria. Mongolia also played a major part in the Uyghur rebellions and the Chinese Civil War, hoping to create a friendly Chinese state under Mao Zedong. This never happened, mostly due to superior Nationalist military techniques and foreign support.

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