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The Ryzhkov Doctrine (Russian: Доктрина Рыжкова, Doktrina Ryzhkova) was a foreign policy initiated by the Soviet Union during the administration of Nikolai Ryzhkov (1995-2005). The policy is seen as a major reversal to Gorbachev's so-called "Sinatra Doctrine," in which the USSR openly co-operated with several post-Communist nations.
Nikolai Ryzhkov expressed the desire to bring further co-operation with several post-Communist states, both as a means to prevent infighting and promote democracy, as well as to bring economic co-operation as part of his economic reforms within the Soviet Union. The move was considered highly controversial (especially within Western Europe and the United States), as this was seen as a means for Moscow to re-establish its former empire, further supported upon the reports of Soviet political aid to several post-Communist nations (most notably Cuba, Ethiopia, and Yugoslavia), as well as potential military aid to Angola.
Despite western feelings, many saw it as being a major benefit for the post-Communist world. The co-operation was only limited to economics and some political co-operation, and never went beyond what was necessary. All of the nations in co-operation peacefully transitions towards a market economy and democratic reforms.
The Soviet Union also stayed in close co-operation with Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam; all of which remained single-party Communist states. Due to continued co-operation, North Korea's nuclear weapons program was greatly reduced.