Rykovgrad German Autonomous Oblast
Ры́ковгра́дская немецкая автономная область
Deutsch Autonomen Gebiet Rykovgrad

— Autonomous oblast of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum
Map of Königsberg AO
Location of Königsberg GAO
(and largest city)
Language Russian; German
Government Autonomous oblast
Area 15,100 km²
Population 941,873 
Established September 5, 1986
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Abbreviations RNAO
The Rykovgrad German Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Ры́ковгра́дская немецкий автономная область Rýkovgrádskaya nemetskiy avtonomnaya oblast; German: Deutsch Autonomen Gebiet Rykovgrad) is an exclave and federal subject of Russian SFSR (an autonomous oblast) between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. The territory borders on Poland and Lithuania, and geographically separated from the rest of Russian SFSR and the Soviet Union.

The locality was a site of the ancient Old Prussian settlement/fort Twangste. In 1255, a new fortress was built on this site by the Teutonic Knights during the Northern Crusades, and was named "Königsberg" in honour of King Ottokar II of Bohemia. The town was part of the State of the Teutonic Order, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prussia and Germany (until 1945). Until the end of World War II, the area formed the northern part of the former East Prussia.

The city was largely destroyed during World War II; its ruins were captured by the Red Army in 1945 and its German population fled or was forced out. It was named Rykovgrad in 1948 in honor of the late Russian SFSR premier, Alexei Rykov. A proposal in June 1979 called for a German Autonomous Oblast within the Kazakh SSR, with a capital in Ermentau. The proposal was protested by local Uyghurs and forced the government to nix the proposal. Dinmukhamed Kunayev's Policy on the Nationalities of 1985 restructured the Soviet state and allocated the Germans to have back their own national territory within the Union. A German Autonomous Oblast was decidec to be established in Rykovgrad Oblast with its administrative seat in Rykovgrad