The international borders of the Russian SFSR are Poland on the west; Scandinavia, Estonia, Lithuania, and Finland on the northwest; and Korea, Mongolia, and China on the southwest. Within the Soviet Union, the Russian SFSR is bordered by the Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Latvian SSRs to its west and Azerbaijan, Georgian and Kazakh SSRs to the south. Roughly 70% of the area in the RSFSR consisted of broad plains, with mountainous regions mainly concentrated in the east. The area is rich in mineral resources, including petroleum, natural gas, and iron ore.
The position of the Russian SFSR within the Soviet Union closely mirroring the status of England within the United Kingdom. Among all republics of the Soviet Union, only the Russian SFSR that does not have its own local party chapters of the All-Union Communist Party. As result, the members of Union-level leadership of the Soviet Union and of Republic-level leadership of the Russian SFSR are almost can not be distinguished at all since they shared the same organization of the Communist Party.