19 million total 8 million total Total: 27 million
23 million total 800,000 4 million total 7 million total Total: 34.8 million
Casualties and Losses
24 million (including civilians)
9 million (including civilians)
The Russian Revolutionary Wars were a series of large scale military conflicts lasting from 1935 to 1949 that occurred as a direct result of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The wars were fought between the Russian Republic and various other European and Asian countries. The conflicts coincide with the World War and were a major part of that war, resulting in several of the campaigns that occurred in it. The scale of these wars started out small, with only a few countries involved, but soon engulfed nearly a third of the world as the Russians aimed to spread communist ideals across the world with the help of the then-communist United States. The wars were also aimed to contain national socialism before it could become more powerful than communism and the revolution would fail. After over a decade of very aggressive military policy and nearly perpetual warfare, the Russians had succeeded in silencing a number of national socialist governments and conquered a significant amount of territory, as well as spreading communism as far west west as Spain, south as China, and east as Brazil, although not always through direct warfare and conquest.
The wars began due to Leon Trotsky, the Russian President's, belief that a perfect communist world could be achieved through "permanent revolution and warfare." With the solid backing of the Russian people, he kicked off the World War and Russian Revolutionary Wars with the invasion of the Baltic states and Finland in 1935.